Lithium methanolate

  • Methanol, lithium salt
  • Lithium methoxide
  • Lithium methylate
  • Methoxylithium
Formula
CH3LiO
Structure
Description
Colorless liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
865-34-9
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
212-737-7
EC Index Number
603-040-00-2
EC Class
Highly flammable; Corrosive; Reacts violently with water
UN (DOT)
2924
Beilstein/Gmelin
3552389
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-01227
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed

Properties.
Formula
CH3O*Li
Formula mass
37.97
Boiling point, °C
64.6
Density
0.865 g/cm3

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container. Keep under a nitrogen blanket. Flammables-area.
Handling
Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Do not breathe dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Use and store under nitrogen. Do not allow contact with water. Use only in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool.
Stability
Stable under normal shipping and handling conditions.
Incompatibilities
Water, oxidizing agents, reducing agents, acids, acid chlorides, alkali metals, halogens, acid anhydrides.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, oxides of lithium.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
11
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Extinguishing media: Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide. DO NOT USE WATER!
Fire potential
Flammable/combustible material. May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Combustion products
Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Poison by ingestion. Causes gastrointestinal tract burns. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. Depletes calcium levels in the body which if left untreated can lead to hypocalcemia and
   Inhalation
May cause irritation of the respiratory tract with burning pain in the nose and throat, coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and pulmonary edema. Inhalation may be fatal as a result of spasm, inflammation, edema of the larynx and bronchi, chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema. Toxic if inhaled. Depletes calcium levels in the body which if left untreated can lead to hypocalcemia and death.
   Skin
Causes skin burns. Initial contact may be painless but will penetrate tissue causing severe necrosis and bone destruction.
   Eyes
Causes eye burns.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Get medical aid immediately. Wash mouth out with water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
2924
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
I; II; III