Lithium nitrate

Formula
LiNO3
Structure
Description
A white to light yellow colored crystalline solid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
7790-69-4
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
232-218-9
EC Class
oxidizing
RTECS
QU9200000
UN (DOT)
2722
Merck
12,5562
Beilstein/Gmelin
23910 (G)
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-8217
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
LiNO3
Formula mass
68.95
Melting point, °C
255
Decomposition point, °C
540 - 740
Density
2.38 g/cm3
Solubility in water
90 g/L
Viscosity
0.0198 (429 C)
Surface tension
109.1 erg/cm2 (403 C)
Dielectric constant
33.1 (10 C)
Thermal expansion
0.000307/K (254 C)
Heat of fusion
25.5 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not ingest or inhale. Discard contaminated shoes. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Sweep up or absorb material, then place into a suitable clean, dry, closed container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Disposal code
14
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Cyanides, thiocyanates, isothiocyanates, hypophosphites.
Decomposition
Nitrogen oxides, lithium oxides.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Oxidizer. Greatly increases the burning rate of combustible materials. Extinguishing media: Use water only! Do NOT use carbon dioxide. Do NOT use dry chemical.
Fire potential
These substances will accelerate burning when involved in a fire.
Hazards
These substances will accelerate burning when involved in a fire. Some may decompose explosively when heated or involved in a fire. May explode from heat or contamination. Some will react explosively with hydrocarbons (fuels). May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
2
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
1
 
 
Special
O

Health.
Poison_Class
3
Exposure effects
Chronic ingestion may cause dizziness, ringing in the ears, visual disturbances, tremors, and mental confusion. Prolonged absorption may affect electrolyte balance and impair kidney function. Dehydration, weight loss, skin effects, and thyroid disturbances have been reported.
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause muscle tremor and impaired motor function. May cause circulatory system failure. May cause cardiac disturbances. May cause methemoglobinemia, cyanosis, convulsions, and death. Methemoglobinemia is characterized by dizziness, drowsiness, headache, breath shortness, cyanosis with bluish skin, rapid heart rate and chocolate-brown colored blood. May cause tremors and convulsions.
   Inhalation
Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause methemoglobinemia, cyanosis, convulsions, tachycardia, dyspnea, and death.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation. Chronic ingestion may cause dizziness, ringing in the ears, visual disturbances, tremors, and mental confusion. Prolonged absorption may affect electrolyte balance and impair kidney function. Dehydration, weight loss, skin effects, and thyroid disturbances have been reported.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
2722
Response guide
Hazard class
5.1
Packing Group
III
 
HS Code
2834 29 80
 
Std. Transport #
4918808