Lithium perchlorate

Formula
LiClO4
Structure
Description
white orthorhombic crystals or powder
Uses
Oxidizing agent.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
7791-03-9
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
232-237-2
R 8 36/37/38
S 17 26 36
UN (DOT)
1481
Merck
13,5561
Beilstein/Gmelin
13222 (G)
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-8160
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
ClLiO4
Formula mass
106.39
Melting point, °C
236-237
Boiling point, °C
430
Density
2.42 g/cm3
Viscosity
0.016 P (50C)
Dielectric constant
11.8

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Do not store near combustible materials. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Do not ingest or inhale. Discard contaminated shoes. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Wear a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved full-facepiece airline respirator in the positive pressure mode with emergency escape provisions.
Small spills/leaks
Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation. Do not use combustible materials such as paper towels to clean up spill.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Reducing agents, organic materials.
Decomposition
Irritating and toxic fumes and gases, lithium hydroxide.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Oxidizer. Greatly increases the burning rate of combustible materials. Extinguishing media: Use extinguishing media most appropriate for the surrounding fire. Use water spray, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide.
Fire potential
These substances will accelerate burning when involved in a fire.
Hazards
May explode from heat or contamination. May react explosively with hydrocarbons (fuels). May ignite combustibles.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
0
 
Flammability
1
 
 
Reactivity
2
 
 
Special
O

Health.
Poison_Class
3
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
   Inhalation
Causes respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
1481
Response guide
Hazard class
5.1
Packing Group
II; III