Reddish-brown to dark red-brown liquid.
Preparing bitter almond water, by mixing 11 g with 500 g alc and 1489 g water.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
R 23/24/25 36/38 50/53
S 26 36/37/39 45 60 61
Mutagen; Natural Product; Primary Irritant
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.0016 (25 C)
Solubility in water
43.91 g/s2 (20 C)
1.53 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of vaporization
Hazards and Protection.
Keep containers tightly closed. Store protected from moisture. Store in a cool, dry area away from incompatible substances.
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Do not ingest or inhale. Keep from contact with moist air and steam. Do not breathe vapors.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves and clothing to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Wash area with soap and water. Absorb spill using an absorbent, non-combustible material such as earth, sand, or vermiculite. Provide ventilation.
Stable under normal shipping and handling conditions. However, may decompose if exposed to moist air or water.
Strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents, strong acids, strong bases, moisture.
Hydrogen cyanide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. To extinguish fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam.
This chemical is combustible.
When heated, vapors may form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors, and sewers explosion hazards.
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Absorption into the body leads to the formation of methemoglobin which in sufficient concentrations causes cyanosis. Effects may be delayed.
Metabolism may release cyanide, which may result in headache, dizziness, weakness, collapse, unconsciousness and possible death. Causes gastrointestinal tract irritation. May form methemoglobin which in sufficient concentration causes cyanosis.
May cause effects similar to those described for ingestion. Causes irritation of the mucous membrane and upper respiratory tract.
Causes skin irritation.
Causes severe eye irritation.
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. Do not use mouth-to-mouth respiration if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device.
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
I; II; III
2926 90 95