- Refrigerant gas R-40
A colorless gas with a faint sweet odor.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
Extremely flammable; Carcinogenic Category 3; Harmful
Tumorigen; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Human Data
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
2315 (5 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
Odor Threshold Odor threshold 10 ppm
0.9523 g/cm3 (0 C)
Solubility in water
5.2 g/L (25 C)
0.1834 cp (20 C)
16.2 g/s2 (20 C)
1.3389 (20 C)
1.01 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of fusion
Heat of vaporization
Heat of combustion
Hazards and Protection.
Cool below 40 C, well-ventilated area away from sources of ignition. No exposure to direct sunlight. Protect containers against physical damage. Electrical equipment of spark-resistant construction preferred. outside or detached storage preferred.
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles. Always wear thermal protective clothing when handling refrigerated/cryogenic liquids.
At any detectable concentration - Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode. Any supplied-air respirator with full facepiece and operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with a separate escape supply. Escape - Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus. For Unknown Concentrations or Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health - Any supplied-air respirator with full facepiece and operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with a separate escape supply. Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece.
Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Attempt to stop leak if without undue personnel hazard. Use water spray to knock-down vapors.
Stable at normal temperatures and pressure.
Can react vigorously with oxidizing agents May react explosively with sodium, potassium, sodium-potassium alloy, magnesium, zinc Reacts with aluminum powder in the presence of catalytic amounts of aluminum chloride to form pyrophoric trimethylaluminum.
Phosgene, acid halides, oxides of carbon.
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Do not extinguish fire unless flow can be stopped. Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible.
Very flammable, combustion imminent. In contact with al, product may ignite spontaneously in air. Do not use al, zn, mg, or alloys.
Its vapors are heavier than air, and a flame can flash back to the source of leak very easily.
Toxic and irritating gases are generated in fires.
Exposure to low concentrations usually results in fatigue and drowsiness. Exposure to high concentrations may result in dizziness, drowsiness, headache, giddiness, incoordination, confusion, staggering gait, slurred speech, and weakness followed by delerium, paralysis, seizures, and coma. Birth defects have been produced in mice and rats. Methyl chloride was one of several substances implicated in sacral agenesis in humans, but its role as a human reproductive hazard is unproven.
Exposure to lower concentrations usually results in mild gi upset. High concentrations may result in nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.
Methyl chloride may produce nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, drowsiness, symptoms of drunkenness, visual disturbances, bluish skin color, lung congestion, nerve damage, paralysis, convulsions and coma.
Exposure may result in irritation, blisters, symptoms of drunkenness, nerve damage.
Diplopia, dimness of vision, and widely dilated pupils that are either sluggishly reactive or unreactive to light may be noted. Visual changes may persist after resolution of other symptoms.
This compound is a gas, therefore inhalation is the first route of exposure.
IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. If symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop, call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used.
CAUTION: Exposure of skin to compressed gases may result in freezing of the skin. Treatment for frostbite may be necessary. Remove the victim from the source of contamination. IMMEDIATELY wash affected areas gently with COLD water (and soap, if necessary) while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Dry carefully with clean, soft towels. If symptoms such as inflammation or irritation develop, IMMEDIATELY call a physician or go to a hospital for treatment.
First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.