Methyl nitrate

  • Nitric acid, methyl ester
Formula
CH3ONO2
Structure
Uses
Has been used as rocket propellant.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
598-58-3
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
209-941-3
RTECS
QV0100000
RTECS class
Other
UN (DOT)
1477
Merck
12,6175
Beilstein/Gmelin
1699872
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-01254
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
CH3NO3
Formula mass
77.04
Melting point, °C
-82.95
Boiling point, °C
66.5
Vapor pressure, mmHg
218
Density
1.2322 g/cm3 (5 C)
Solubility in water
Soluble
Viscosity
0.49 cp (20 C)
Refractive index
1.376 (17 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
0.56
Heat of fusion
8.2 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization
37.68 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
Keep away from combustible materials. Avoid contact unless wearing appropriate protective clothing. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. With clean shovel place material into clean, dry container and cover loosely; move containers from spill area.
Stability
No data.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
24
Fire fighting
Small Fires: Use water. Do not use dry chemicals or foams. carbon dioxide or Halon may provide limited control. Large Fires: Flood fire area with water from a distance.
Fire potential
These substances will accelerate burning when involved in a fire.
Hazards
May explode from heat or contamination. May react explosively with hydrocarbons (fuels). May ignite combustibles.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
 
Special
O

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Ingestion may cause severe injury, burns, or death.
   Inhalation
Vapors may cause injury, burns, death.
   Skin
Contact may result in injury, burns and death.
   Eyes
See Skin.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Seek medical assistance.
   Inhalation
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
   Skin
Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. In case of contact with substance, immediately flush with running water for at least 20 minutes.
   Eyes
In case of contact with substance, immediately flush with running water for at least 20 minutes.

Transport.
UN number
1477
Response guide
Hazard class
5.1
Packing Group
II; III