m-Phenylenediamine dihydrochloride

  • 1,3-Phenylenediamine dihydrochloride
Formula
C6H8N2 . 2HCl
Structure
Description
White or slightly red crystalline powder.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
541-69-5
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
208-790-0
EC Index Number
612-148-00-9
EC Class
Mutagenic Category 3; Toxic; Irritant; Sensitising; Dangerous for the Environment
RTECS
SS9800000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Mutagen
UN (DOT)
2811
Beilstein/Gmelin
3910880
Beilstein Reference
4-13-00-00079
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-2722
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C6H8N2.2ClH
Formula mass
181.06
Melting point, °C
277-278
Solubility in water
Soluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Sweep up or absorb material, then place into a suitable clean, dry, closed container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
.Strong oxidizing agents
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. To extinguish fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam.
Fire potential
Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes.
Hazards
Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.

Health.
Poison_Class
2
Exposure effects
Chronic inhalation may cause effects similar to those of acute inhalation. Chronic ingestion may cause effects similar to those of acute ingestion.
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. May cause methemoglobinemia, cyanosis, convulsions, and death. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. Methemoglobinemia is characterized by dizziness, drowsiness, headache, breath shortness, cyanosis with bluish skin, rapid heart rate and chocolate-brown colored blood. May be harmful if swallowed.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. May be harmful if inhaled.
   Skin
Causes severe skin irritation. May be absorbed through the skin in harmful amounts. May cause skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, which becomes evident upon re-exposure to this material.
   Eyes
Causes severe eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
2811
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
I; II; III