Nickel carbonate

  • Nickelous carbonate
  • Nickel(II) carbonate
Formula
NiCO3
Structure
Description
Green rhombohedral crystals.
Uses
Chemical intermediate for nickel oxide, nickel powder, nickel catalysts.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
3333-67-3
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
222-068-2
EC Index Number
028-010-00-0
EC Class
Carcinogenic Category 3; Harmful; Sensitising; Dangerous for the Environment
RTECS
QR6200000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Mutagen
UN (DOT)
2811
Beilstein/Gmelin
8542 (G)
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-6532
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
CNiO3
Formula mass
118.72
Decomposition point, °C
270
Vapor density (air=1)
N/R
Density
3.67 g/cm3
Solubility in water
Insoluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, nickel oxide.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic fumes. Extinguishing media: Substance is noncombustible; use agent most appropriate to extinguish surrounding fire.
Fire potential
Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes.
Hazards
Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas.
Combustion products
Toxic gases and vapors (such as nickel carbonyl) may be released in a fire involving nickel.
Health
2
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
TLV (as Ni): ppm; 0.05 mg/m3 (ACGIH 1990-1991).
Carcinogin
G-A1, I-1, N-1, CP65
Poison_Class
3
Exposure effects
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause sensitization dermatitis and possible destruction and/or ulceration. May cause respiratory tract cancer. May cause cancer according to animal studies.
   Ingestion
Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
   Inhalation
Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause allergic respiratory reaction.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation. May cause skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, which becomes evident upon re-exposure to this material. May cause dermatitis.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
2811
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
I; II; III