Nickel nitrate

  • Nickelous nitrate
  • Nickel(II) nitrate hexahydrate
  • Nickel dinitrate
Formula
Ni(NO3)2
Structure
Description
Grass green crystalline solid.
Uses
Nickel-plating, manufacture of brown ceramic colors.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
13138-45-9
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
236-068-5
RTECS
QR7200000
RTECS class
Mutagen; Reproductive Effector
UN (DOT)
2725
Merck
12,6596
Beilstein/Gmelin
7760 (G)
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
N2NiO6
Formula mass
182.7
Melting point, °C
1555.0
Boiling point, °C
137
Density
2.05 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
238.5 g/200ml

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep well closed.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Land spill: Dig a pit, pond, lagoon, holding area to contain liquid or solid material. Cover solids with a plastic sheet to prevent dissolving in rain or fire fighting water. Water spill: Add soda ash (Na2CO3). Use mechanical dredges or lifts to remove immobilized masses of pollutants and precipitates.
Stability
No data.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Flood with water. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible.
Fire potential
Contact of solid with wood or paper may cause fires. Hexahydrate dangerous fire risk.
Hazards
May incr intensity of fire if in contact with combustible material hexahydrate
Combustion products
Toxic oxides of nitrogen may form in fire.
Health
1
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 
 
Special
O

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
TLV (as Ni): ppm; 0.05 mg/m3 (ACGIH 1990-1991).
Carcinogin
G-A4, I-1, N-1, CP65
Exposure effects
Acute intoxication of nickel carbonyl has two stages, immediate and delayed. A person may have a temperature as a delayed symptom, but it will seldom elevate above 101 degrees. Throbbing headache is common. Seizures have been reported following severe intoxication. Behavioral deficits were observed in the adult offspring of rats who received sodium nitrite prenatally.
   Ingestion
Initial effects of ingestion are gastric irritation with nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.
   Inhalation
Respiratory depression and cyanosis may be noted, due to methemoglobinemia.
   Skin
Cyanosis that minimally responds to oxygen therapy may be noted, and is indicative of probable methemoglobinemia.
   Eyes
Visual field defects have been reported in sodium nitrite poisoning.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Immediate life support measures should be provided because of associated hypotension, seizures, and methemoglobinemia-induced anoxia. Ipecac induced vomiting is not recommended because of the potential for seizures.
   Inhalation
Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treatment should include recommendations listed in the oral exposure section when appropriate.
   Skin
Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. In case of contact with substance, immediately flush with running water for at least 20 minutes.
   Eyes
Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of tepid water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility.

Transport.
UN number
2725
Response guide
Hazard class
5.1
Packing Group
III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
NNT
 
Std. Transport #
4918789