Nickel perchlorate

  • Nickel diperchlorate
  • Nickel(2+) perchlorate
Formula
Ni(ClO4)2
Structure
Description
Light green crystals.
Uses
Soluble nickel salts are used in electroplating baths and in the preparation of nickel catalysts. Soluble nickel salts.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
13637-71-3
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
237-124-1
UN (DOT)
1481
Beilstein/Gmelin
23308 (G)
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
Cl2NiO8
Formula mass
257.59
Density
2.95 g/cm3
Solubility in water
Very soluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
Keep away from combustible materials. Avoid contact unless wearing appropriate protective clothing. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. With clean shovel place material into clean, dry container and cover loosely; move containers from spill area.
Stability
No data.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Small Fires: Use water. Do not use dry chemicals or foams. carbon dioxide or Halon may provide limited control. Large Fires: Flood fire area with water from a distance.
Fire potential
These substances will accelerate burning when involved in a fire.
Hazards
May explode from heat or contamination. May react explosively with hydrocarbons (fuels). May ignite combustibles.
Combustion products
Toxic gases and vapors (such as nickel carbonyl) may be released in a fire involving nickel.
 
Special
O

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
IDHL: NIOSH considers nickel metal and other compounds (as Ni) to be a potential
Carcinogin
G-A4, I-1, N-1, CP65
Exposure effects
Blood pressure may be decreased. Pulse may be irregular. Lethargy, coma, and seizures have been reported. Nickel salts are reported to be animal teratogens. Increased incidence of stillbirth and neonatal mortality of rat offspring were associated with maternal consumption of nickel chloride solutions prior to mating and during gestation. Nickel has been found in breast milk. ORAL ADMINISTRATION of nickel sulphate to rats caused decreased testicular, prostate, and seminal vesicle size as well as abnormalities of sperm and decreased sperm count.
   Ingestion
Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain may be a common occurrence early in chlorate toxicity.
   Inhalation
Severe hypoxia with cyanosis, resistant to oxygen therapy, may be noted within several hours following exposure.
   Skin
Pallor may be noted.
   Eyes
Acute toxicity from nickel inhalation includes sore throat and hoarseness. There is speculation inflammation of the eye and epiphora have occurred in nickel plating work environments due to poor ventilation. Occasional exposure to nickel aerosol and other contaminants has resulted in nasal irritation, loss of smell, damage to the nasal mucosa, and perforation of the nasal septum. In rare cases, nickel workers have complained of a bitter metallic taste.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
The possible benefit of early removal of some ingested material by cautious gastric lavage must be weighed against potential complications of bleeding or perforation. Activated charcoal activated charcoal binds most toxic agents and can decrease their systemic absorption if administered soon after ingestion. Activated charcoal: administer charcoal as a slurry (240 ml water/30 g charcoal). Usual dose: 25 to 100 g in adults/adolescents.
   Inhalation
Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation, bronchitis, or pneumonitis. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treat bronchospasm with beta2 agonist and corticosteroid aerosols.
   Skin
Remove contaminated clothing and wash exposed area thoroughly with soap and water. A physician should examine the area if irritation or pain persists.
   Eyes
Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of tepid water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility.

Transport.
UN number
1481
Response guide
Hazard class
5.1
Packing Group
II; III