Lustrous, silvery, odorless metallic solid.
Nickel plating, for various alloys such as new silver, chinese silver, german silver, for coins, electrotypes, lightning rod tips, electrical contacts and electrodes, spark plugs, machinery parts, catalyst for hydrogenation of organic substances, in manufacture of monel metal, stainless steels, and nickel chrome resistance wire, in alloys for electronic and space applications.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
Carcinogenic Category 3; Sensitising
Tumorigen; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector
Swiss Giftliste 1
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.004 (1100 C)
8.90 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
1.39E-5/K (20 C)
Heat of fusion
Heat of vaporization
Hazards and Protection.
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use only in a well ventilated area. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Reduce airborne dust and prevent scattering by moistening with water. Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Carefully scoop up and place into appropriate disposal container.
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Acids, aluminum, ammonia, ammonium nitrate, bromine pentafluoride, ethylene + aluminum, dioxane, fluorine, hydrazine, hydrazoic acid, hydrogen, methanol, nitric acid, nitryl fluoride, organic solvents, oxidants, phosphorus, potassium perchlorate, selenium, sulfur and compounds.
Toxic and highly flammable nickel carbonyl.
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. To extinguish fire, use water fog, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or regular foam.
May ignite on contact with moist air or moisture. May burn rapidly with flare-burning effect. Some react vigorously or explosively on contact with water. Some may decompose explosively when heated or involved in a fire. May re-ignite after fire is extinguished. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard.
Toxic gases and vapors (such as nickel carbonyl) may be released in a fire involving nickel.
TLV: ppm; 1 mg/m3 (as TWA) (ACGIH 1993-1994).
G-A5 (Ni0), I-2B, N-1, CP65
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause sensitization dermatitis and possible destruction and/or ulceration. May cause respiratory tract cancer.
Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Inhalation of fumes may cause metal fume fever, which is characterized by flu-like symptoms with metallic taste, fever, chills, cough, weakness, chest pain, muscle pain and increased white blood cell count. Inhalation of a mist of this material may cause respiratory tract irritation.
May cause skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, which becomes evident upon re-exposure to this material. May cause severe irritation and possible burns. May cause dermatitis.
May cause eye irritation and possible burns.
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Get medical aid immediately. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
Std. Transport #