Colorless liquid with a mild, fruity odor.
Solvent for cellulose esters, vinyl, alkylated & other resins & waxes.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
R 10 20/22
S 9 25 41
Mutagen; Human Data
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
15.6 (20 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
About 20500 ppm (2.05%) at 25 C (calculated)
1.2 (butyl acetate = 1)
Odor Threshold Odor threshold 163 ppm
1.0478 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
0.661 cp at 25C
32.66 g/s2 at 20 C
1.3917 (20 C)
28 (30 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of vaporization
Heat of combustion
Hazards and Protection.
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Flammables-area. Store protected from moisture.
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Use only in a chemical fume hood. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames. Keep from contact with moist air and steam.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Cover with sand, dry lime or soda ash and place in a closed container for disposal. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions. May explode when heated. Hygroscopic: absorbs moisture or water from the air.
Moisture, water, amines, bases, strong acids, stong alkalies, strong oxidizing agents, hydrocarbons, combustible materials, metal oxides, hydroxides, plastics, calcium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide.
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, nitrogen.
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Will burn if involved in a fire. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. May explode when heated. Extinguishing media: Use alcohol foam, carbon dioxide, or water spray when fighting fires involving this material. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Water may be ineffective. Do NOT use dry chemical. Do NOT use straight streams of water.
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
Flashback along vapor trail may occur.
Toxic oxides of nitrogen may form in fire.
TLV: 100 ppm; 307 mg/m3 (as TWA) (ACGIH 1991-1992). PDK: 30 mg/m3 (USSR 1988). OSHA PEL: TWA 100 ppm (310 mg/m3) NIOSH REL: TWA 100 ppm (310 mg/m3) NIOSH IDLH: 1000 ppm
Effects may be delayed.
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Methemoglobinemia is characterized by dizziness, drowsiness, headache, breath shortness, cyanosis with bluish skin, rapid heart rate and chocolate-brown colored blood. Ingestion of large amounts may cause CNS depression. May be harmful if swallowed. May form methemoglobin which in sufficient concentration causes cyanosis.
Causes respiratory tract irritation. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. May cause burning sensation in the chest.
Causes skin irritation. May cause dermatitis. May cause cyanosis of the extremities.
Causes eye irritation. May cause chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Do not use mouth-to-mouth respiration if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device.
Get medical aid immediately. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.