Nitropropane

Formula
C3H7NO2
Structure

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
25322-01-4
RTECS
TZ5070000
RTECS class
Other
UN (DOT)
2608
Beilstein/Gmelin
NA

Properties.
Formula
C3H7NO2
Formula mass
89.11
Melting point, °C
-107.8
Boiling point, °C
132.2
Vapor pressure, mmHg
8
Vapor density (air=1)
3.06
Density
0.9934 g/cm3 (20 C)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Build dikes to contain flow as necessary. Attempt to stop leak if without undue personnel hazard. Use water spray to knock-down vapors. Land spill: Dig a pit, pond, lagoon, holding area to contain liquid or solid material. Dike surface flow using soil, sand bags, foamed polyurethane, or foamed concrete. Absorb bulk liquid with fly ash, cement powder, or commercial sorbents. Water spill: Use natural barriers or oil spill control booms to limit spill travel. Remove trapped material with suction hoses.
Stability
No data.

Fire.
Autoignition, °C
420
Fire fighting
Do not extinguish fire unless flow can be stopped. Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Solid streams of water may spread fire. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. Use alcohol foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.
Fire potential
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
Hazards
Combustion products include toxic oxides of nitrogen along with carbon monoxide. Behavior in Fire: Produces toxic gases and vapors. Containers may explode in heat of fire. Vapor explosive hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewer. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Flashback may occur along vapor trail.
Combustion products
Combustion products include toxic oxides of nitrogen along with carbon monoxide.
Health
1
 
Flammability
3
 
 
Reactivity
2
 

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
See inhalation.
   Inhalation
Inhalation causes headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, restlessness, muscular uncoordination and irritation of the respiratory tract. Contact causes irritation of the eyes and skin. Ingestion may cause headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, restlessness and muscular uncoordination.
   Skin
See inhalation.
   Eyes
See inhalation

First aid
 
   Ingestion
DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. If the victim is conscious and not convulsing, give 1 or 2 glasses of water to dilute the chemical and IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center. Be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital if advised by a physician.
   Inhalation
IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. If symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop, call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used.
   Skin
IMMEDIATELY flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. If symptoms such as redness or irritation develop, IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital for treatment.
   Eyes
First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.

Transport.
UN number
2608
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
NPN
 
42 Nitrocompounds
Std. Transport #
4909193
 
IMO Pollution Category
D
IMO Hazard code
S