Nonane

  • n-Nonane
Formula
CH3(CH2)7CH3
Structure
Description
Clear, colorless liquid with a gasoline-like odor.
Uses
Research chemical.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
111-84-2
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
203-913-4
EC Class
flammable, harmful
R 10 65
S 23 24/25 62
RTECS
RA6115000
RTECS class
Drug
UN (DOT)
1920
Beilstein/Gmelin
1696917
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-00447
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-2661
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C9H20
Formula mass
128.26
Melting point, °C
-53
Boiling point, °C
151
Vapor pressure, mmHg
4.6 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
4.41
Saturation Concentration
4240 ppm (0.42%) at 20 C; 5860 ppm (0.59%) (calculated)
Odor Threshold Odor threshold 650 ppm
Critical temperature
321
Critical pressure
22.5
Density
0.718 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Viscosity
0.711 cp @ 20C
Surface tension
24.72 g/s2
Refractive index
1.4039 (20 C)
Dielectric constant
1.9 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
5.46
Heat of fusion
15.5 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization
46.5 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-6131 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Flammables-area.
B2 D2B
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Do not get on skin or in eyes. Do not ingest or inhale. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear impervious gloves. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
Disposal code
1
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
31
Autoignition, °C
205
Upper exp. limit, %
5.6
Lower exp. limit, %
0.7
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Extinguishing media: Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Water may be ineffective. Water may spread fire. Do NOT use straight streams of water. For large fires, use water spray, fog or regular foam. For small fires, use dry chemical ir carbon dioxide.
Fire potential
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. May polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water. Substance may be transported hot.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
0
 
Flammability
3
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
TLV: 200 ppm; 1050 mg/m3 (as TWA) (ACGIH 1993-1994). NIOSH REL: TWA 200 ppm (1050 mg/m3)
Poison_Class
5
Exposure effects
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause defatting and dermatitis.
   Ingestion
Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure.
   Inhalation
Causes respiratory tract irritation. Irritation may lead to chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema. Exposure produces central nervous system depression. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. May cause burning sensation in the chest.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation. Prolonged and/or repeated contact may cause defatting of the skin and dermatitis. May cause cyanosis of the extremities.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation. May cause chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
1920
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
NAN
 
HS Code
2901 10 90
 
Std. Transport #
4909264
 
IMO Chemical Code
17
IMO Pollution Category
C
IMO Hazard code
P