Nonanenitrile

  • 1-Cyanooctane
  • 1-Octyl cyanide
  • Pelargonitrile
  • Pelargononitrile
Formula
C9H17N
Structure
Description
Clear, light yellow liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
2243-27-8
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
218-808-9
S 23 24/25
RTECS
RA6606000
RTECS class
Other
UN (DOT)
2810
Beilstein/Gmelin
1746339
Beilstein Reference
4-02-00-01024
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C9H17N
Formula mass
139.24
Melting point, °C
-17
Boiling point, °C
224
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.09 (25 C)
Critical temperature
405
Critical pressure
22.2
Density
0.8318 g/cm3 (0 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Viscosity
2.34 cp (15 C)
Surface tension
29.89 g/s2 (15 C)
Refractive index
1.4255 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
3.27
Heat of vaporization
46.2 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate safety goggles, protective clothing and gloves.
Respirators
Wear a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved full-facepiece airline respirator in the positive pressure mode with emergency escape provisions.
Small spills/leaks
ELIMINATE all ignition sources. Do not touch damaged containers or spilled material unless wearing appropriate protective clothing. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. Absorb or cover with dry earth, sand or other non-combustible material and transfer to containers. DO NOT GET WATER INSIDE CONTAINERS.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Keep away from strong oxidizing agents, strong acids , strong bases, strong seducing agents.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
81
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. In case of fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam.
Fire potential
Combustible material: may burn but does not ignite readily.
Hazards
When heated, vapors may form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors, and sewers explosion hazards.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
See Inhalation.
   Inhalation
Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
   Skin
Contact with molten substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. See Inhalation.
   Eyes
See Inhalation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. Allow the victim to rinse his mouth and then to drink 2-4 cupfuls of water, and seek medical advice.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower lids.

Transport.
UN number
2810
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
HS Code
2926 90 95