Nonenes

  • Nonene (mixed isomers)
  • Nonene (non-linear)
  • n-Nonene
Formula
C9H18
Description
Colorless liquid with an odor of gasoline.
Uses
Used in the polymer, surfactant, and detergent industries.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
27215-95-8
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
248-339-5
UN (DOT)
3295
Beilstein/Gmelin
144501
Beilstein Reference
5-20-02-00463
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C9H18
Formula mass
126.24
Melting point, °C
-81.7
Boiling point, °C
75 (0.05 torr)
Vapor pressure, mmHg
4
Density
0.733 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Viscosity
0.851 sq mm/s @ 20C
Surface tension
22 g/s2
Refractive index
1.4724 (25 C)
Heat of vaporization
36.4 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-5593 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Resp organic vapor canister or air-supplied mask; face splash shield
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
Make no contact with the spilled material. ELIMINATE all ignition sources and ground all equipment. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors. Absorb or cover with dry earth, sand or other non-combustible material and transfer to containers. Use clean non-sparking tools to collect absorbed material.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
May react vigorously with strong oxidizing agents May react exothermically with reducing agents to release hydrogen gas.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Fire Extinguishing Agents Not to Be Used: Water may be ineffectiveFire Extinguishing Agents: Foam, carbon dioxide, or dry chemical
Fire potential
Flammable, irritating vapor is produced.
Hazards
Flashback along vapor trail may occur.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
0
 
Flammability
3
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure effects
Mild central nervous system depression or excitation may occur after ingestion or vapor inhalation. CNS effects can occur secondary to hydrocarbon pneumonitis and hypoxia, or from additives and contaminants (aniline, heavy metals, camphor, or pesticides). Some hydrocarbons are simple asphyxiants (e.G., Methane, ethane, propane gasses) which can produce CNS effects secondary to hypoxia. In a prospective study in Toronto, major congenital malformations were noted in 13 of 125 fetuses of mothers exposed to organic solvents during pregnancy.
   Ingestion
Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain may occur following ingestion.
   Inhalation
Coughing, choking, tachypnea, dyspnea, cyanosis, rales, hemoptysis, pulmonary edema, pneumatoceles, lipoid pneumonia, or respiratory arrest may develop following ingestion and aspiration.
   Skin
May cause irritation or burns.
   Eyes
See Skin.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If swallowed, do NOT induce vomiting because of aspiration hazard.
   Inhalation
Remove to fresh air; if breathing stops, apply artificial respiration; administer oxygen; call a physician.
   Skin
Remove contaminated clothing and wash exposed area thoroughly with soap and water. A physician should examine the area if irritation or pain persists. Some chemicals can produce systemic poisoning by absorption through intact skin. Carefully observe patients with dermal exposure for the development of any systemic signs or symptoms and administer symptomatic treatment as necessary.
   Eyes
Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of tepid water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility.

Transport.
UN number
3295
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
NNE
 
IMO Pollution Category
B
IMO Hazard code
P