Colorless liquid. Peculiar odor.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
highly flammable, irritant, harmful, dangerous for the environment
R 11 38 48/20 51/53 62 65 67
S 9 16 29 33 36/37 61 62
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
1204 (20 C)
0.96 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
0.0095 g/L (20 C)
1.377 (20 C)
Hazards and Protection.
Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container. Flammables-area. Store under an inert atmosphere.
Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid breathing dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Take precautionary measures against static discharges. Use only in a chemical fume hood.
Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool.
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Strong oxidizing agents, fluorine, dinitrogen tetraoxide, chlorine, magnesium perchlorate.
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Will burn if involved in a fire. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Extinguishing media: Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide.
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Prolonged or repeated exposure may cause adverse reproductive effects. Repeated exposure may cause nervous system abnormalities with muscle weakness and damage, motor incoordination, and sensation disturbances. Visual abnormalities have also been reported.
Aspiration hazard. Aspiration can cause asphyxia, brain damage, and cardiac arrest. Exposure may cause cardiac sensitization.
Harmful if inhaled. Exposure produces central nervous system depression. Exposure may cause vertigo, hallucinations, fatigue, muscle weakness, visual disturbances, nervous system disturbances, coughing, chest pain s, difficulty in breathing, lung irritation, gastrointestinal disturba nces, nausea, headache, vomiting, edema which may be fatal.
May be absorbed through the skin in harmful amounts. May cause dermatitis. Contact causes immediate redness, painful burning, and possible bliste ring. Substance in vapor form may also absorbed.
Causes mild eye irritation. Causes redness and pain.
Do NOT induce vomiting. Get medical aid. Wash mouth out with water.
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. Get medical aid.
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists.
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid. Do NOT allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed.