n-Octylbenzene

  • 1-Phenyloctane
Formula
C6H5(CH2)7CH3
Structure
Description
Clear, colorless liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
2189-60-8
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
218-582-1
UN (DOT)
3295
Beilstein/Gmelin
1906253
Beilstein Reference
4-05-00-01157
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-2832
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C14H22
Formula mass
190.33
Melting point, °C
-39 - -36
Boiling point, °C
264
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.02 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
6.56
Critical temperature
460
Critical pressure
19.2
Density
0.8562 g/cm3 (20C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Viscosity
2.6 cp (20 C)
Surface tension
30-16 g/s2 (20 C)
Refractive index
1.4845 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
6.40
Heat of vaporization
63.0 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-8563 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Small spills/leaks
Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Cover with sand and place into a closed container for disposal. Provide ventilation.
Disposal code
1
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
107
Upper exp. limit, %
4.9
Lower exp. limit, %
0.6
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Fire potential
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
0
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
4
Exposure effects
The toxological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
3295
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
AKD
 
32 Aromatic hydrocarbons
HS Code
2902 90 80
 
IMO Chemical Code
17
IMO Pollution Category
A
IMO Hazard code
P