- Amyl hydride
Colorless liquid with a gasoline- or petroleum-like odor.
Component of aerosol propellants, as raw material for prodn of chlorinated pentanes and pentanols.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
Extremely flammable; Harmful; Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking; Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness; Dangerous for the Environment
R 12 51/53 65 66 67
S 9 16 29 33 61 62
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
512 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
64.2% at 20 C
28.6 (butyl acetate = 1)
Odor Threshold Odor threshold 10 ppm
0.626 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
0.289 cp @ 0C
1.35768 (20 C)
1.8 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of fusion
Heat of vaporization
Heat of combustion
Hazards and Protection.
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Keep from contact with oxidizing materials. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Bond and ground containers when transferring liquid.-area.
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Do not ingest or inhale. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear neoprene gloves, apron, and/or clothing. Wear natural rubber gloves, apron, and/or clothing. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Scoop up with a nonsparking tool, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Use water spray to disperse the gas/vapor. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Strong oxidizing agents, coatings, plastics, rubber.
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, oxides of carbon.
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Wear proper protective equipment and self-contained breathing apparatus with full facepiece operated in positive pressure.Do not extinguish fire unless flow can be stopped. Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Solid streams of water may spread fire. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide.
Very flammable, combustion imminent.
Containers may explode
Toxic gases and vapors (such as carbon monoxide) may be released in a fire involving pentane.
OSHA PEL: TWA 1000 ppm (2950 mg/m3) NIOSH REL: TWA 120 ppm (350 mg/m3) C 610 ppm (1800 mg/m3) 15-minute NIOSH IDLH: 1500 ppm LEL
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause defatting and dermatitis.
Aspiration hazard. May cause irritation of the digestive tract. Symptoms may include: headache, excitement, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, stupor, and coma. May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure. Aspiration of material into the lungs may cause chemical pneumonitis, which may be fatal. Ingestion of large amounts may cause CNS depression.
Inhalation of high concentrations may cause central nervous system effects characterized by headache, dizziness, unconsciousness and coma. May cause respiratory tract irritation. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. May cause burning sensation in the chest.
Causes skin irritation. May cause irritation and dermatitis. May cause cyanosis of the extremities.
Causes eye irritation. May cause chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.
Do NOT induce vomiting. Get medical aid immediately.
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists.
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.