- Heptadecyl cyanide
Chemical intermediate for fatty amines and derivatives.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
39 - 40
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
3E-5 (25 C)
0.8178 g/cm3 (41 C)
Solubility in water
27.1 g/s2 (80 C)
1.4405 (40 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of vaporization
Hazards and Protection.
Store in a cool, dry place. Store in a tightly closed container.
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
ELIMINATE all ignition sources. Do not touch damaged containers or spilled material unless wearing appropriate protective clothing. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. Absorb or cover with dry earth, sand or other non-combustible material and transfer to containers. DO NOT GET WATER INSIDE CONTAINERS.
Strong acids, strong bases, strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents.
Carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, carbon dioxide.
Small Fires: Dry chemical, carbon dioxide or water spray. Large Fires: Dry chemical, carbon dioxide, alcohol-resistant foam or water spray.
Combustible material: may burn but does not ignite readily.
When heated, vapors may form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors, and sewers explosion hazards.
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Hypoventilation, elevated blood pressure, abnormally low blood pressure, and rapid heart rate may occur. Coma, seizures, amnesia, headache, tremors, CNS stimulation, paralysis, parkinsonism and additional sequelae may occur.
Nausea and vomiting may occur.
Hypoventilation, respiratory tract irritation, or pulmonary edema may develop.
Dermal irritation and percutaneous absorption may occur.
Inflammation of the eye, prolonged dialation of the pupils, equally red rectinal veins and arteries upon funduscopic examination, nasal irritation, and throat irritation may occur.
The possible benefit of early removal of some ingested material by cautious gastric lavage must be weighed against potential complications of bleeding or perforation. Activated charcoal activated charcoal binds most toxic agents and can decrease their systemic absorption if administered soon after ingestion. Activated charcoal: administer charcoal as a slurry (240 ml water/30 g charcoal). Usual dose: 25 to 100 g in adults/adolescents.
Administer 100% oxygen - establish secure large bore iv. Prepare the cyanide antidote kit for use in symptomatic patients. Amyl nitrite ampule - inhale ampule contents for 30 seconds every minute until sodium nitrite is administered. Use a new ampule every 3 minutes. Sodium nitrite - administer iv (adult - 10 ml over 3 to 5 minutes; child - (with normal hemoglobin concentration) - 0.12 To 0.33 Ml/kg, up to 10 ml). Repeat one-half of initial sodium nitrite dose 30 minutes later if there is inadequate clinical response. Monitor blood pressure carefully. Reduce nitrite administration rate if hypotension occurs.
I; II; III