Octyl nitrate

  • Nitric acid, octyl ester
  • 1-Octyl nitrate
  • n-Octyl nitrate
Formula
C8H17NO3
Structure
Description
A clear light-colored liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
629-39-0
UN (DOT)
1477
Beilstein/Gmelin
1705314
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-01762
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C8H17NO3
Formula mass
175.23
Boiling point, °C
110 (20 torr)
Density
0.975 g/cm3 (0C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Build dikes to contain flow as necessary. Apply water spray or mist to knock down vapors. Land spill: Dig a pit, pond, lagoon, holding area to contain liquid or solid material. Dike surface flow using soil, sand bags, foamed polyurethane, or foamed concrete. Absorb bulk liquid with fly ash, cement powder, or commercial sorbents. Water spill: Use natural barriers or oil spill control booms to limit spill travel. Remove trapped material with suction hoses.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
If mixed with reducing agents, including hydrides, sulfides and nitrides, they may begin a vigorous reaction that culminates in a detonation.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Do not extinguish fire unless flow can be stopped. Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Solid streams of water may be ineffective. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide. Keep run-off water out of sewers and water sources.
Fire potential
These substances will accelerate burning when involved in a fire.
Hazards
May explode from heat or contamination. May react explosively with hydrocarbons (fuels). May ignite combustibles.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
 
Special
O

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Ingestion may cause severe injury, burns, or death.
   Inhalation
Vapors may cause injury, burns, death.
   Skin
Contact may result in injury, burns and death.
   Eyes
See Skin.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Seek medical assistance.
   Inhalation
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
   Skin
Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. In case of contact with substance, immediately flush with running water for at least 20 minutes.
   Eyes
In case of contact with substance, immediately flush with running water for at least 20 minutes.

Transport.
UN number
1477
Response guide
Hazard class
5.1
Packing Group
II; III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
ONE
 
Std. Transport #
4912302