Octylamine

  • 1-Octanamine
  • 1-Aminooctane
Formula
CH3(CH2)7NH2
Structure
Description
A yellow liquid with an ammonia-like odor.
Uses
Used to make other chemicals.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
111-86-4
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
203-916-0
EC Class
harmful, corrosive, dangerous for the environment
R 20/21/22 34
S 26 36/37/39 45
RTECS
RG8050000
RTECS class
Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
1760
Beilstein/Gmelin
1679227
Beilstein Reference
4-04-00-00751
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-9058
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C8H19N
Formula mass
129.25
Melting point, °C
-1
Boiling point, °C
180
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.75
Vapor density (air=1)
4.5
Critical temperature
368
Critical pressure
25.83
Density
0.7812 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Slightly soluble
Viscosity
0.55 cp (80 C)
Refractive index
1.4269 (20 C)
Heat of vaporization
36.05 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-5635 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep container closed when not in use. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Corrosives area.
Handling
Keep container tightly closed. Do not get on skin or in eyes. Do not ingest or inhale. Use with adequate ventilation. Discard contaminated shoes.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Provide ventilation.
Disposal code
5
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents, acid chlorides, acid anhydrides, strong acids.
Decomposition
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, nitrogen.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
60
Autoignition, °C
265
Upper exp. limit, %
8.2
Lower exp. limit, %
1.6
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. To extinguish fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire.
Fire potential
Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes.
Hazards
Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
3
 
Flammability
2
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
3
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause severe and permanent damage to the digestive tract. Causes gastrointestinal tract burns.
   Inhalation
May cause severe irritation of the respiratory tract with sore throat, coughing, shortness of breath and delayed lung edema. Causes chemical burns to the respiratory tract.
   Skin
Causes skin burns.
   Eyes
Contact with eyes may cause severe irritation, and possible eye burns.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration.
   Skin
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. Destroy contaminated shoes.
   Eyes
Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed. Extensive irrigation is required (at least 30 minutes).

Transport.
UN number
1760
Response guide
Hazard class
8
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
7. Aliphatic amines
HS Code
2921 19 80
 
Std. Transport #
4936027