- Octachlor epoxide
- 4,7-Methanoindan, 1,2,4,5,6,7,8,8-octachloro-2,3-epoxy-3a,4,7,7a-tetrahydro-, exo,endo-
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide
Melting point, °C
Solubility in water
Partition coefficient, pKow
Hazards and Protection.
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Do not touch damaged containers or spilled material unless wearing appropriate protective clothing. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. Cover with plastic sheet to prevent spreading. Absorb or cover with dry earth, sand or other non-combustible material and transfer to containers. DO NOT GET WATER INSIDE CONTAINERS.
Use method most appropriate to fight surrounding fire.
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
CNS excitation, seizures, tremor, ataxia, agitation, nervousness, and amnesia may occur. Kelthane, perthane, methoxychlor, and hexachlorobenzene have little CNS toxicity; in extreme overdose CNS depression may occur. Organochlorine pesticides such as DDT pass through the placenta, with an average level in the newborn blood reaching around a third of that in maternal blood. They can also be found in breast milk. Excessive absorption of kepone (chlordecone) has depressed sperm counts and sperm motility in exposed workers.
Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may follow ingestion.
Aspiration of insecticide containing petroleum distillate may result in pneumonitis.
Extensive contact results in dermal irritation.
Vomiting is not indicated following ingestion of small amounts due to the possibility of cns depression and pulmonary aspiration. washing of the stomach with repeated injections of water may be indicated when the patient has ingested more than 5 milliliters of xylene, or if there is a large amount of benzene contamination. The potential toxicity of the amount ingested must be weighed against the substantial risk of pulmonary aspiration. Consider washing of the stomach with repeated injections of water after ingestion of a potentially life-threatening amount of poison if it can be performed soon after ingestion (generally within 60 minutes). Activated charcoal may induce vomiting and increase pulmonary aspiration risk. The potential risk of pulmonary aspiration must be weighed against the possible benefits of charcoal administration. It is generally not indicated.
Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation, bronchitis, or pneumonitis. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treat bronchospasm with beta2 agonist and corticosteroid aerosols.
Remove contaminated clothing. Wash skin and hair thoroughly; do two soap and water washings. Leather absorbs pesticides. Hence, leather should not be worn in the presence of pesticides and all contaminated leather should be discarded.
Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of tepid water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility.
I; II; III