Palladium

Formula
Pd
Structure
Description
Silver-white, ductile metal.
Uses
Palladium is used in gold, silver and copper alloys in dentistry. Alloys are also used for bearings, strings, and balance wheels in watches. Palladium is used as a catalyst in the manufacture of sulfuric acid. In powder form it is used as a catalyst in hydrogeneration. The sponge form is used for separation of hydrogen from a mixture of gases. Silver alloys are used for electrical contacts.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
7440-05-3
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
231-115-6
S 22 24/25
RTECS
RT3480500
RTECS class
Other
UN (DOT)
3200
Merck
12,7121
Beilstein/Gmelin
16239 (G)
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-9578
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
Pd
Formula mass
106.42
Melting point, °C
1555
Boiling point, °C
3167
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.1 (1000 C)
Density
12.02 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble
Thermal expansion
0.00038/K
Heat of fusion
16.2 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Irritating and toxic fumes and gases.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Extinguishing media: Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Fire potential
Flammable/combustible material.
Hazards
May ignite on contact with moist air or moisture. May burn rapidly with flare-burning effect. May react vigorously or explosively on contact with water. May decompose explosively when heated or involved in a fire. May re-ignite after fire is extinguished.
Combustion products
Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
1
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
-
Exposure effects
The toxological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation. The toxicological properties of this material have not been fully investigated.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation. The toxicological properties of this material have not been fully investigated.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
3200
Response guide
Hazard class
4.2
Packing Group
I