A clear colorless liquid with a pleasant odor.
Substitute for acetaldehyde, manufacture dyestuff intermediates, solvent for fats, oils, waxes, gums, resins, leather, mixtures for cellulose derivatives.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
S 9 16 29 33
Drug; Human Data; Primary Irritant
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
10 (20 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
Odor Threshold Odor threshold 0.02-0.025 mg/m3
1.0037 g/cm3 (10 C)
Solubility in water
1.128 cp at 70 deg f
26.5 g/s2 (15 C)
1.403 (20 C)
11.8 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of fusion
Heat of vaporization
Heat of combustion
Hazards and Protection.
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Flammables-area.
Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Personal wear rubber gloves, self-contained breathing apparatus. Wear appropriate chemical protective gloves, boots, and goggles.
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use. Wear a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved full-facepiece airline respirator in the positive pressure mode with emergency escape provisions.
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment.
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatible with alkalis, hydrocyanic acid iodides and oxidizers.
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Solid streams of water may spread fire. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. Use alcohol foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.
Vapors are heavier than air and may travel to a source of ignition and flash back.
Emits toxic fumes on heating.
Symptoms ranging from drowsiness to coma may be seen and are not strictly dose-related. Coma may be seen with doses ranging from 31 to 120 ml orally.
Inhalation of vapors may cause headache, nausea, dizziness, fatigure and weakness in the arms and legs.
May cause irritation or burns.
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT induce vomiting. Allow the victim to rinse his mouth and then to drink 2-4 cupfuls of water, and seek medical advice.
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes.
First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.