Pelargonic alcohol

  • 1-Nonanol
  • Nonyl alcohol
Formula
CH3(CH2)7CH2OH
Structure
Description
Colorless liquid with a rose or fruity odor.
Uses
In manufacture of artificial lemon oil.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
143-08-8
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
205-583-7
S 23 24/25
RTECS
RB1575000
RTECS class
Reproductive Effector
UN (DOT)
1987
Merck
12,6774
Beilstein/Gmelin
969213
Beilstein Reference
4-01-00-01798
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C9H20O
Formula mass
144.26
Melting point, °C
-7
Boiling point, °C
215
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.024
Vapor density (air=1)
4.97
Critical temperature
398
Critical pressure
24.77
Density
0.8419 g/cm3
Solubility in water
1 g/L
Viscosity
9.72 cp (25 C)
Surface tension
28 g/s2
Refractive index
1.4311 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
3.77
Heat of vaporization
56.50 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-5943.4 kJ/mo

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation.
Disposal code
1
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Oxidizing agents
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
96
Autoignition, °C
277
Upper exp. limit, %
6.10
Lower exp. limit, %
0.80
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Combustible Liquid. Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas. Containers may explode when heated. To extinguish fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers.
Fire potential
Moderate when exposed to heat or flame.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
2
 
Flammability
2
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
4 (Substances and products that must be considered harmful)
Exposure effects
Headache, dizziness, giddiness, ataxia, sedation and coma may occur.
   Ingestion
May cause digestive tract disturbances.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
1987
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
NNN
 
20 Alcohols, Glycols
HS Code
2905 19 00
 
IMO Chemical Code
17
IMO Pollution Category
C
IMO Hazard code
P