- Crude oil
- Mineral oil
- Rock oil
- Coal oil
Dark yellow to brown or green-black liquid with a mild odor.
Solvent, Insecticide adjuvant, fuels, fuel additives, lubricants and additives.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
Carcinogenic Category 2
Human Data; Primary Irritant
Swiss Giftliste 1
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor density (air=1)
0.838 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Hazards and Protection.
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Use with adequate ventilation. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Prevent build up of vapors to explosive concentration. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool.
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
May explode with nitrogen tetroxide, potential violent reaction with strong oxidizers. This material is peroxizable and may form crystals capable of exploding after prolonged storage.
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
37 - 65
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Extremely flammable liquid. Vapor may cause flash fire. Extinguishing media: Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide. Water may be ineffective. This material is lighter than water and insoluble in water. The fire could easily be spread by the use of water in an area where the water cannot be contained.
Moderately flammable. Combustion with moderate heating.
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
0.2 mg/m3 TLVE (inhalable particulate)
G-A2E, I-1, N-1, CP65
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis.
Aspiration hazard. Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure.
Inhalation of high concentrations may cause central nervous system effects characterized by headache, dizziness, unconsciousness and coma. High vapor concentrations may cause drowsiness.
May be absorbed through skin. Exposure may cause irritation characterized by redness, dryness, and inflammation.
Causes eye irritation.
Do NOT induce vomiting. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Get medical aid. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.