Petroleum

  • Crude oil
  • Mineral oil
  • Rock oil
  • Coal oil
Formula
Variable composition
Description
Dark yellow to brown or green-black liquid with a mild odor.
Uses
Solvent, Insecticide adjuvant, fuels, fuel additives, lubricants and additives.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
8002-05-9
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
232-298-5
EC Index Number
649-049-00-5
EC Class
Carcinogenic Category 2
RTECS
SE7449000
RTECS class
Human Data; Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
1267
Beilstein/Gmelin
8402054
EPA OPP
63503
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-5481
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Melting point, °C
-20
Boiling point, °C
150
Vapor density (air=1)
>1
Density
0.838 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Insoluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
B2
Handling
Use with adequate ventilation. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Prevent build up of vapors to explosive concentration. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool.
Stability
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Incompatibilities
May explode with nitrogen tetroxide, potential violent reaction with strong oxidizers. This material is peroxizable and may form crystals capable of exploding after prolonged storage.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
37 - 65
Autoignition, °C
220
Upper exp. limit, %
5
Lower exp. limit, %
0.7
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Extremely flammable liquid. Vapor may cause flash fire. Extinguishing media: Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide. Water may be ineffective. This material is lighter than water and insoluble in water. The fire could easily be spread by the use of water in an area where the water cannot be contained.
Fire potential
Moderately flammable. Combustion with moderate heating.
Hazards
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
0
 
Flammability
2
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
0.2 mg/m3 TLVE (inhalable particulate)
Carcinogin
G-A2E, I-1, N-1, CP65
Poison_Class
5
Exposure effects
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis.
   Ingestion
Aspiration hazard. Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure.
   Inhalation
Inhalation of high concentrations may cause central nervous system effects characterized by headache, dizziness, unconsciousness and coma. High vapor concentrations may cause drowsiness.
   Skin
May be absorbed through skin. Exposure may cause irritation characterized by redness, dryness, and inflammation.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do NOT induce vomiting. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
1267
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
USCG CHRIS Code
OIL (OMC)
 
33 Misc. hydrocarbon mixtures
IMO Chemical Code
I
IMO Pollution Category
I