- Vitimin K1
Pale yellow, odorless powder.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
Tumorigen; Drug; Human Data
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
140-145 (0.001 torr)
0.967 g/cm3 (25 C)
Solubility in water
1.5263 (20 C)
Hazards and Protection.
Keep tightly closed in a cool place in a tightly closed container.
Containers of this material may be hazardous when emptied. Since emptied containers retain product residues (vapor, liquid, and/or solid), all hazard precautions given in the data sheet must be observed. Use good personal hygiene practices. Wash hands before eating, drinking, smoking, or using toilet facilities. Promptly remove soiled clothing and wash before reuse. Shower after work using plenty of soap and water.
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Make no contact with the spilled material. ELIMINATE all ignition sources and ground all equipment. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors. Absorb or cover with dry earth, sand or other non-combustible material and transfer to containers. Use clean non-sparking tools to collect absorbed material.
Stable to air and moisture, but decomp in sunlight stable in quinone form unaffected by dil acids, destroyed by alkali hydroxides and reducing agents phytonadione is stable to heat and moisture and may be autoclaved.
Carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide.
Use of water spray when fighting fire may be inefficient. Small Fires: Dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. Large Fires: Water spray, fog or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray or fog; do not use straight streams.
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames.
Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Abnormally low blood pressure may occur precipitously following intravenous injection of phytonadione. Seizures have been rarely reported following intravenous phytonadione injection.
Transient nausea may occur following injection.
Dyspnea has been reported after rapid intravenous infusion of phytonadione.
Dermatological reactions have included a delayed (generally 1 to 2 weeks) pruritic, erythematous eruption at sites of injection, with occasional persistence of pruritus at affected sites. A chronic progressive scleroderma-like reaction has also been de
Seek medical assistance.
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash skin with soap and water. Flush with running water for at least 20 minutes
Flush with running water for at least 20 minutes.