Piperidic acid

  • Piperidinic acid
  • 4-Aminobutyric acid
  • 4-Aminobutanoic acid
  • Gammalone
  • Aminalon
  • Mielomade
Formula
H2NCH2CH2CH2COOH
Structure
Description
White to off-white solid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
56-12-2
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
200-258-6
S 22 24/25
RTECS
ES6300000
RTECS class
Drug
Merck
13,429
Beilstein/Gmelin
906818
Beilstein Reference
4-04-00-02600
EPA OPP
30802
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C4H9NO2
Formula mass
103.12
Boiling point, °C
248
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.008 (25 C)
Density
1.21 g/cm3
Solubility in water
Very soluble
pKa/pKb
2.76 (pKb)
Heat of vaporization
53.4 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-2282 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry place. Keep container closed when not in use.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal.
Disposal code
3
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
104
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
HS Code
2922 49 95