Platinous chloride

  • Muriate of platinum
  • Platinum chloride
  • Platinum(II) chloride
  • Platinum dichloride
Formula
PtCl2
Structure
Description
Grayish-green to brown powder.
Uses
In synthesis of platinum salts.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
10025-65-7
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
233-034-1
EC Class
irritant, sensitizing
R 36/38 42/43
S 22 24 37 45
RTECS
TP2275000
RTECS class
Mutagen; Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
3260
Merck
12,7687
Beilstein/Gmelin
9308 (G)
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-8923
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
Cl2Pt
Formula mass
266.00
Melting point, °C
581
Density
6.05 g/cm3
Solubility in water
Insoluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use only in a well ventilated area. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Sweep up or absorb material, then place into a suitable clean, dry, closed container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions.
Disposal code
27
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents
Decomposition
Hydrogen chloride.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
580
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Substance is noncombustible. Extinguishing media: Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire.
Fire potential
Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes.
Hazards
Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas.
Combustion products
Toxic gases and vapors (such as chlorine) may be released when chlorine-containing soluble platinum salts decompose.

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
IDHL: 4 mg/m3
Poison_Class
2
Exposure effects
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis. Chronic inhalation may cause effects similar to those of acute inhalation.
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract.
   Inhalation
Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause asthmatic attacks due to allergic sensitization of the respiratory tract. Causes irritation of mucous membrane. Inhalation may produce lachrimation, sneezing, rhinnorhea, cough, dyspnea, bronchial asthma, and cyanosis.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation. May cause skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, which becomes evident upon re-exposure to this material. Contact with the skin may cause urticaria (hives).
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation. In the eyes, the dusts cause a burning sensation, lachrimation, and conjunctival hyperemia, sometimes associated with photophobia.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Get medical aid immediately.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
3260
Response guide
Hazard class
8
Packing Group
I; II; III
 
HS Code
2843 90 90