Podophyllotoxin

  • Podofilox
  • Condylox
  • Furo[3',4':6,7]naphtho[2,3-d]-1,3-dioxol-6(5aH)-one, 5,8,8a,9-tetrahydro-9-hydroxy-5-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-, (5R,5aR,8aR,9R)-
Formula
C22H22O8
Structure
Description
Off-white powder.
Uses
Cytostatic (antimitotic) glucoside.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
518-28-5
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
208-250-4
RTECS
LV2500000
RTECS class
Drug; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Natural Product
UN (DOT)
2811
Merck
12,7704
Beilstein/Gmelin
99163
Beilstein Reference
5-19-10-00666
Austrailia AICS
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C22H22O8
Formula mass
414.41
Melting point, °C
188 - 189
Solubility in water
Insoluble
pKa/pKb
13.42 (pKa)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry place. Keep containers tightly closed.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Do not ingest or inhale. Use only in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Small spills/leaks
Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, strong bases.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Fire potential
Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes.
Hazards
Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
3
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause gastrointestinal tract damage.
   Inhalation
Causes irritation of the mucous membrane and upper respiratory tract.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation. Harmful if absorbed through the skin. Substance is readily absorbed through the skin.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation. May cause chemical conjunctivitis.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
   Inhalation
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Do not use mouth-to-mouth respiration if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device.
   Skin
Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
2811
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
I; II; III