Polyethylene glycol monononyl ether

  • Actinol R 100
  • Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha-nonyl-omega-hydroxy-
  • Polyoxyethylene nonyl ether
Formula
(C2H4O)nC9H20O
Description
Almost colorless liquid.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
39587-22-9
Beilstein/Gmelin
NA
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
(C2H4O)nC9H20O
Boiling point, °C
165
Density
1 g/cm3
Solubility in water
Insoluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Store in a cool, dry place. Do not store in direct sunlight. Store in a tightly closed container. Keep under a nitrogen blanket. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Deep freeze (below -20 C). Regularly check inhibitor levels to maintain peroxide levels below 1%. Do not break the seal on the container until it is needed. Label the container with the date it was first opened. Long-term storage is not recommended.
Handling
Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid breathing dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. If peroxide formation is suspected, do not open or move container. Avoid contact with air and sunlight. Unused chemicals should not be returned to the container. Do not distill since this removes peroxide-inhibitors.
Protection
Eyes: Wear chemical goggles. Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear a chemical apron. Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Isolate area and deny entry. Provide ventilation. Place under an inert atmosphere.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. On long term storage, substances with similar functional groups form explosive peroxides. Explosive peroxides may form on concentration. Tends to form explosive peroxides; especially when anhydrous. Peroxide formation may occur in containers that have been opened and remain in storage.
Incompatibilities
Strong bases, strong acids, strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
226
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. May form explosive peroxides. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Health
2
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation. The toxicological properties of this material have not been fully investigated.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Wash mouth out with water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.