Potassium citrate monohydrate

  • Tripotassium citrate monohydrate
  • Citric acid, tripotassium salt, monohydrate
  • 1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-, tripotassium salt, monohydrate
Formula
C6H8O7 . 2K . H2O
Structure
Description
odorless colorless or white solid
Uses
Food additive.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
6100-05-6
Beilstein/Gmelin
3924344
Beilstein Reference
4-03-00-01272
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C6H5O7.H2O.3K
Formula mass
324.41
Density
2.00 g/cm3

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep container closed when not in use. No special precautions indicated.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid prolonged or repeated contact with skin. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions.
Stability
Stable under normal shipping and handling conditions.
Incompatibilities
No data reported.
Decomposition
Oxides of phosphorus.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Ingestion of large amounts may cause gastrointestinal irritation.
   Inhalation
Excessive inhalation may cause minor respiratory irritation. Inhalation of dust may cause respiratory tract irritation.
   Skin
May cause mild skin irritation.
   Eyes
Dust may cause mechanical irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.