Potassium monoxide

  • Potassium oxide
  • Dipotassium oxide
Formula
K2O
Structure
Description
A white-colored crystalline solid.
Uses
Used to make other chemicals.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
12136-45-7
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
235-227-6
RTECS
YY3790000
UN (DOT)
2033
Beilstein/Gmelin
74372 (G)
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
KO
Formula mass
94.20
Melting point, °C
350
Density
2.3 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Reacts

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate chemical protective gloves, boots and goggles. If contact with the material anticipated, wear appropriate chemical protective clothing.
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Reacts violently with acid and is corrosive. Reacts violently with water producing potassium hydroxide. Attacks many metals in presence of water.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Extinguish fire using agent suitable for type of surrounding fire. (Material itself does not burn or burns with difficulty.) Use dry chemical, dry sand, or carbon dioxide. Do not use water on material itself. If large quantities of combustibles are involved, use water in flooding quantities as spray and fog. Keep run-off water out of sewers and water sources.
Fire potential
Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes.
Hazards
Some are oxidizers and may ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated.
Combustion products
Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes.

Health.
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
See Inhalation.
   Inhalation
TOXIC; inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact with material may cause severe injury or death. Effects of contact or inhalation may be delayed.
   Skin
Contact with molten substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. See Inhalation.
   Eyes
See Inhalation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Seek medical assistance.
   Inhalation
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
   Skin
Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. Immediately flush with running water for at least 20 minutes. For minor skin contact, avoid spreading material on unaffected skin.
   Eyes
Immediately flush with running water for at least 20 minutes.

Transport.
UN number
2033
Response guide
Hazard class
8
Packing Group
II
 
Std. Transport #
4936306