Potassium periodate

Formula
KIO4
Structure
Description
colorless tetragonal crystals
Uses
Powerful oxidizer in acid soln, oxidizing manganese compds to permanganate.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
7790-21-8
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
232-196-0
R 8 36/37/38
S 17 26 36
UN (DOT)
1479
Merck
12,7823
Beilstein/Gmelin
46186 (G)
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-2317
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
IKO4
Formula mass
230.00
Melting point, °C
576 - 588
Vapor density (air=1)
7.9
Density
3.618 g/cm3 (15 C)
Thermal expansion
0.00002335/K

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Do not store near combustible materials. Keep away from reducing agents. Heat can cause thermal decomposition and pressure build-up inside containers. Keep containers tightly closed.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use only in a well ventilated area. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with clothing and other combustible materials. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stability
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong reducing agents; finely powdered metals; amines; ammonium perchlorate
Decomposition
Oxygen, oxides of potassium, iodide ions (I-).

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Strong oxidizer. Contact with combustible materials may cause a fire. Decomposes at high temperatures releasing oxygen which may cause an existing fire to burn more vigorously. Flammable when exposed to flame. Extinguishing media: For small fires, use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide or chemical foam. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
Health
1
 
Flammability
3
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
2
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
May cause irritation of the digestive tract.
   Inhalation
Causes respiratory tract irritation. Causes irritation of mucous membrane.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.

Transport.
UN number
1479
Response guide