Propyl acetate

  • n-Propyl acetate
  • 1-Propyl Acetate
  • 1-Acetoxypropane
  • 1-Acetoxypropane
Formula
CH3COOCH2CH2CH3
Structure
Description
Clear, colorless liquid with a fruity odor.
Uses
Solvent for nitrocellulose-based flexographic inks.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
109-60-4
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
203-686-1
EC Index Number
607-024-00-6
EC Class
Highly flammable; Irritant; Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking; Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness
R 11 36 66 67
S 16 26 29 33
RTECS
AJ3675000
RTECS class
Human Data; Primary Irritant
UN (DOT)
1276
Merck
12,8026
Beilstein/Gmelin
1740764
Beilstein Reference
4-02-00-00138
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-2793
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C5H10O2
Formula mass
102.13
Melting point, °C
-95
Boiling point, °C
102
Vapor pressure, mmHg
32.6 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
3.52
Saturation Concentration
4.61% at 25 C
Evaporization number
6.1 (diethyl ether = 1)
Odor Threshold Odor threshold 0.21 mg/m3
Critical temperature
276
Critical pressure
33.2
Density
0.886 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
20 g/L (20 C)
Viscosity
0.59 cp (20 C)
Surface tension
24.3 g/s2 (10 C)
Refractive index
1.3844 (20 C)
Dipole moment
1.86
Dielectric constant
8.1 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
1.23
Heat of vaporization
39.08 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not store near combustible materials. Store in a tightly closed container. Keep from contact with oxidizing materials. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Flammables-area.
B2
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Use with adequate ventilation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Small spills/leaks
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
Disposal code
1
Stability
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Incompatibilities
Alkalies, nitrates, acids, strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
14
Autoignition, °C
430
Upper exp. limit, %
8
Lower exp. limit, %
1.7
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Extinguishing media: For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. For large fires, use water spray, fog, or alcohol-resistant foam.
Fire potential
Flammable liquid and vapor.
Hazards
May polymerize explosively when involved in a fire. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. May polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
1
 
Flammability
3
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
OSHA PEL: TWA 200 ppm (840 mg/m3) NIOSH REL: TWA 200 ppm (840 mg/m3) ST 250 ppm (1050 mg/m3) NIOSH IDLH: 1700 ppm
Poison_Class
5
Exposure effects
Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause defatting and dermatitis. Effects may be delayed.
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure. Ingestion of large amounts may cause CNS depression.
   Inhalation
Inhalation of vapor may cause respiratory tract irritation. May cause effects similar to those described for ingestion. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Can produce delayed pulmonary edema. May cause burning sensation in the chest.
   Skin
Causes skin irritation. Prolonged and/or repeated contact may cause defatting of the skin and dermatitis. May cause cyanosis of the extremities.
   Eyes
Causes eye irritation. Lachrymator. May cause chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
   Skin
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
   Eyes
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid. Do NOT allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed.

Transport.
UN number
1276
Response guide
Hazard class
3
Packing Group
II
 
USCG CHRIS Code
PAT
 
HS Code
2915 39 10
 
Std. Transport #
4909268
 
IMO Chemical Code
18
IMO Pollution Category
D