Colorless liquid with a strong ammonia-like odor.
Intermediate, lab reagent, a raw material for herbicides, notably trifluralin
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
highly flammable, harmful, corrosive
R 11 21/22 34
S 9 16 26 36/37/39 45
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
310 (20 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
32.4% (20 C)
0.7175 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
0.4 mPas 20. C
22.4 g/s2 at 20 C
1.389 (20 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of vaporization
Heat of combustion
Hazards and Protection.
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
B2 D1A E
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Do not ingest or inhale. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
For concentrations more than 10 times the occupational exposure level and less than the lower of either 100 times the occupational exposure level or the IDLH: Use Type C full facepiece supplied-air respirator operated in positive-pressure or continuous-flow mode. For concentrations > 100 times the occupational exposure level or greater than the IDLH level or unknown concentrations (such as in emergencies): Use self-contained breathing apparatus with full facepiece in positive-pressure mode or Type C positive-pressure full facepiece supplied-air respirator with an auxiliary positive-pressure self-contained breathing apparatus escape system. For escape: Use self-contained breathing apparatus with full facepiece or any respirator specifically approved for escape.
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Remove all sources of ignition. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors. Water spray may reduce vapor but may not prevent ignition in closed spaces.
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Acids, oxidizing agents, nitrites, copper, copper alloys or cellulose nitrate.
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, nitrogen.
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Extremely flammable liquid. Containers may explode when heated. Extinguishing media: Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. For large fires, use water spray, fog or alcohol-resistant foam. For small fires, use carbon dioxide, dry chemical, dry sand, or alcohol-resistant foam. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
Flammable liquid and vapor.
Vapor is heavier than air and may travel a considerable distance to source of ignition and flash back.
Causes digestive tract burns. May be harmful if swallowed. Symptoms of exposure may include: Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, gastrointestinal irritation and/or diarrhea. Severe damage to the mouth, throat esophagus and/or stomach.
Causes respiratory tract irritation. Harmful if inhaled. Symptoms of exposure may include: Nasal discharge, hoarseness, coughing, chest pain and breathing difficulty. Accumulation of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema); symptoms can be delayed for several hours.
Causes skin burns. Harmful if absorbed through skin. Symptoms of exposure may include: Redness or discoloration, swelling, itching, burning or blistering of skin.
Exposure to liquid Causes eye burns. Exposure to vapors Causes eye irritation. Symptoms of exposure may include: Eye irritation, burning sensation, pain, watering, and/or change of vision. Eye injury which may persist for several days. Transient visual disturbances characterized by mildly blurred vision and a blue-gray discoloration of sight. This effect is commonly referred to as blue haze, or halo vision, with halo vision getting its name form the appearance of a halo when looking at light sources. These effects are due to mild corneal irritation and edema and normally disappear several hours after exposure.
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration.
Get medical aid immediately. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes.
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.