Psilocine

  • Psilocyn
  • 3-(2-(Dimethylamino)ethyl)indol-4-ol
  • 4-Hydroxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine
  • N,N-Dimethyl-4-hydroxytryptamine
Formula
C12H16N2O
Structure
Uses
Hallucinogen isolated from the mushroom, Psilocybe mexicana. US DEA Schedule I.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
520-53-6
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
208-296-5
36/37/39
RTECS
NM2625000
RTECS class
Drug
Merck
12,8110
Beilstein/Gmelin
160503
Beilstein Reference
5-22-12-00014

Properties.
Formula
C12H16N2O
Formula mass
204.27
Melting point, °C
170 - 174
Boiling point, °C
393
Vapor pressure, mmHg
1E-6 (25 C)
Solubility in water
Very soluble
pKa/pKb
10.01 (pKa)
Heat of vaporization
66.8 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep tightly closed. Store at -20 C
Protection
Compatible chemical-resistant gloves.
Respirators
Government approved respirator.
Small spills/leaks
Sweep up, place in a bag and hold for waste disposal. Avoid raising dust. Ventilate area and wash spill site after material pickup is complete.
Stability
Stable at normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Thermal decomposition may produce carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen oxides.

Fire.
Flash Point,°C
191
Fire fighting
Extinguish using Water spray. Carbon dioxide, dry chemical powder, or appropriate foam. Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and protective clothing to prevent contact with skin and eyes.
Hazards
Emits toxic fumes under fire conditions.
Health
1
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure effects
Harmful. Harmful if swallowed. Target organ(s): Central nervous system.
   Ingestion
Harmful if swallowed.
   Inhalation
Material may be irritating to mucous membranes and
   Skin
May cause skin irritation. May be harmful if absorbed through the skin.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If swallowed, wash out mouth with water provided person is conscious. Call a physician.
   Inhalation
If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
   Skin
In case of skin contact, flush with copious amounts of water for at least 15 minutes. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Call a physician.
   Eyes
In case of contact with eyes, flush with copious amounts of water for at least 15 minutes. Assure adequate flushing by separating the eyelids with fingers. Call a physician.

Transport.