A colorless liquid with a peculiar odor.
Manufacture dyes, prepn hydroxyquinoline sulfate, q.V., Niacin. As preservative for anatomical specimens. Solvent for resins abd terpenes.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
R 21/22 37/38 40 41
S 26 36/37/39
Tumorigen; Mutagen; Primary Irritant
Swiss Giftliste 1
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
0.08 (25 C)
Vapor density (air=1)
Odor Threshold Odor threshold 71 ppm
1.095 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
3.76 cp (20 C)
45.0 g/s2 @ 20 C
1.62683 (20 C)
9 (25 C)
Partition coefficient, pKow
Heat of fusion
Heat of vaporization
Heat of combustion
Hazards and Protection.
Keep away from heat and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Do not store in direct sunlight. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Material darkens in color on storage.
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use only in a well ventilated area. Avoid breathing vapors from heated material. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Do not ingest or inhale.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container.
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. Substance undergoes color change upon exposure to light and air.
Linseed oil + thionyl chloride, perchromates, dinitrogen tetroxide, hydrogenperoxide, maleic anhydride. May attack some plastics. May be combustible when exposed to heat or flames.
Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen.
Upper exp. limit, %
Lower exp. limit, %
Extinguish fire using agent suitable for type of surrounding fire. (Material itself does not burn or burns with difficulty.) Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide. Keep run-off water out of sewers and water sources.
Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas.
Toxic oxides of nitrogen may form in fires.
Harmful if swallowed. May cause irritation of the digestive tract.
May cause respiratory muscle paralysis. Other symptoms include lethargy, irritation, sore throat, nose bleeds, hoarseness, cough, chest tightness, difficulty breathing, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, fever,
Causes skin irritation. Harmful if absorbed through the skin. If absorbed, may cause symptoms similar to those for ingestion. If absorbed, causes symptoms similar to inhalation.
Causes severe eye irritation. May result in corneal injury. May cause retinitis. May cause retinal damage.
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
USCG CHRIS Code
2933 49 90
Std. Transport #