Ricin

  • Ricine
  • Ricins
  • Proteins, specific or class, ricins
Formula
Unspecified
Description
White powder.
Uses
As chemical warfare agent.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
9009-86-3
RTECS
VJ2625000
RTECS class
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Drug; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Human Data; Natural Product; Primary Irritant
Beilstein/Gmelin
NA
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-4074

Properties.
Solubility in water
soluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate clothing to prevent any reasonable probability of skin contact. Wear eye protection to prevent any possibility of eye contact.
Respirators
Use NIOSH/MSHA approved respirator appropriate for exposure of concern.
Small spills/leaks
Evacuate area and ventilate. Wear protective equipment. If required, use an inert absrobent. Sweep up and place in an appropriate container for disposal. Wash contaminated surfaces.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire.
Fire potential
Fire: Toxins are not volatile but may be spread by efforts to extinguish the fire. Toxins may be decomposed by heat to produce other toxic gases.

Health.
Poison_Class
1
Exposure effects
mild to moderate CNS depression can be seen. Seizures may occur, but are not common.
   Ingestion
Severe irritation of the GI tract with hemorrhage and sloughing of tissue may be seen. Diarrhea and vomiting are common and fluids are often heme positive.
   Inhalation
Castor beans contain an allergen protein that has caused various asthma-like reactions.
   Skin
Toxalbumins generally do not cause rashes, but castor beans have several allergens which cause dermatologic reactions.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Seek medical attention. If individual is drowsy or unconscious, do not give anything by mouth; place individual on the left side with the head down. Contact a physician, medical facility, or poison control center for advice about whether to induce vomiting. If possible, do not leave individual unattended.
   Inhalation
If symptoms develop, move individual away from exposure and into fresh air. If symptoms persist, seek medical attention. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. Keep person warm and quiet; seek immediate medical attention.
   Skin
Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes.
   Eyes
If symptoms develop, immediately move individual away from exposure and into fresh air. Flush eyes gently with water for at least 15 minutes while holding eyelids apart; seek immediate medical attention.

Transport.