Rubidium nitrate

  • Nitric acid, rubidium salt
Formula
RbNO3
Structure
Description
white hexagonal crystals, hygroscopic

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
13126-12-0
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
236-060-1
RTECS
QV0900000
RTECS class
Other
UN (DOT)
1477
Beilstein/Gmelin
8321 (G)
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
NO3Rb
Formula mass
147.47
Melting point, °C
310
Boiling point, °C
578
Density
3.11 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
535 g/L (20 C)
Refractive index
1.524
Thermal expansion
0.000391/K (306 C)
Heat of fusion
5.6 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from heat and flame. Do not store near combustible materials. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Keep containers tightly closed.
Handling
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. May form flammable dust-air mixtures. Avoid contact with clothing and other combustible materials. Do not get on skin or in eyes. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Remove all sources of ignition. In case of spill, sweep up solid or absorb liquid with inert material, then place into a biohazard container. Wear protective equipment.
Stability
Stable under normal shipping and handling conditions. Materials containing similar functional groups can decompose at elevated temperatures.
Incompatibilities
Reducing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, oxides of sulfur, carbon dioxide, nitric oxide (NOx) and ammonia (NH3) fumes, nitrogen.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Strong oxidizer. Contact with combustible materials may cause a fire. Use water with caution and in flooding amounts. This material in sufficient quantity and reduced particle size is capable of creating a dust explosion. Extinguishing media: Use extinguishing media most appropriate for the surrounding fire. Contact professional fire-fighters immediately.
Fire potential
These substances will accelerate burning when involved in a fire.
Hazards
May explode from heat or contamination. May react explosively with hydrocarbons (fuels). May ignite combustibles.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
 
Special
O

Health.
Exposure effects
May cause reproductive and fetal effects.
   Ingestion
May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Low hazard for usual industrial handling.
   Inhalation
May cause respiratory tract irritation. Low hazard for usual industrial handling.
   Skin
May cause skin irritation. May cause skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, which becomes evident upon re-exposure to this material. May be absorbed through the skin.
   Eyes
May cause eye irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
   Skin
Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
UN number
1477
Response guide
Hazard class
5.1
Packing Group
II; III