Sodium alum

  • Alum
  • Aluminum sodium disulfate dodecahydrate
  • Monoaluminum monosodium disulfate dodecahydrate
  • SAS
  • Soda alum
  • Sodium aluminum sulfate
Formula
AlNa(SO4)2.12H2
Structure
Description
Colorless, cubic octahedral crystals.
Uses
Medication (vet).

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
7784-28-3
Beilstein/Gmelin
10149 (G)

Properties.
Formula
AlH24NaO20S2
Formula mass
458.28
Melting point, °C
approx. 60
Density
1.67 g/cm3
Solubility in water
110 g anhydrous salt/100 cc of @ 15 C
Thermal expansion
0.000015/K

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Chemical splash goggles in compliance with OSHA regulations are advised; however, OSHA regulations also permit other type safety glasses. Whre chemical resistant gloves. To prevent repeated or prolonged skin contact, wear impervious clothing and boots.
Respirators
Use NIOSH/MSHA approved respirator appropriate for exposure of concern.
Small spills/leaks
Evacuate area and ventilate. Wear protective equipment. If required, use an inert absrobent. Sweep up and place in an appropriate container for disposal. Wash contaminated surfaces.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire.

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
OSHA: PEL (8 h TWA): 15 mg/m3.
Exposure effects
Aluminum accumulates in brain tissue and is a neurotoxic agent. Ataxia and seizures have been reported following ingestions and in patients with compromised renal function receiving bladder irrigations. Mental status changes, including obtundation, lethargy and confusion, may occur.
   Ingestion
Ingestions of small amounts of alum may cause dryness and a puckering sensation of mucous membranes in the mouth and throat. Rectal enemas containing 1% ammonium alum caused mild cramping and nausea in the majority of patients.
   Inhalation
Inhalation is irritating and may cause airway congestion. Symptoms are usually transient. Respiratory depression has been reported in patients with severe aluminum encephalopathy.
   Skin
Concentrated solutions may irritate abraded skin.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Dilution: immediately dilute with 4 to 8 ounces (120 to 240 ml) of milk or water (not to exceed 4 ounces/120 ml in a child). Do not induce vomiting.
   Inhalation
Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation, bronchitis, or pneumonitis. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treat bronchospasm with beta2 agonist and corticosteroid aerosols.
   Skin
Remove contaminated clothing and wash exposed area thoroughly with soap and water. A physician should examine the area if irritation or pain persists.
   Eyes
Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of tepid water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility.

Transport.