Sodium aluminum hydride

  • Aluminum sodium hydride
Formula
NaAlH4
Structure
Description
A white crystalline solid.
Uses
Reducing agent similar to lithium aluminum hydride.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
13770-96-2
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
237-400-1
RTECS
BD0180000
RTECS class
Other
UN (DOT)
2835
Beilstein/Gmelin
91541 (G)
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
AlH4Na
Formula mass
54.00
Melting point, °C
180.65
Density
1.24 g/cm3 (20 C)

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
Do not use water. Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Keep material dry. Do not attempt to sweep up dry material.
Stability
Stable in dry air @ room temperature but sensitive to moisture.
Incompatibilities
May react violently with oxidizing agents.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Do not use water. Use graphite, soda ash or powdered sodium chloride.
Fire potential
Severe fire. Risk in contact with oxidizing agents and water. When heated or on contact with moisture or acids an exothermic reaction evolving hydrogen occurs. Often enough heat is evolved to cause ignition.
Hazards
Produce flammable gases on contact with water. May ignite on contact with water or moist air. Some react vigorously or explosively on contact with water. May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames. May re-ignite after fire is extinguished. Some are transported in highly flammable liquids. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard.
Combustion products
Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
 
Special
W

Health.
Exposure effects
Encephalopathy has been reported in patients with renal failure. This may range from mild personality changes and speech disorders to severe obtundation, seizures, coma and death. Fatal encephalopathy with status epilepticus has occurred after the use of aluminum-containing bone cement in vestibular neurectomies. Aluminum has also been linked to the histopathology of alzheimer disease. Occupational exposure to aluminum has been associated with cognitive deficits. Aluminum in drinking water has been linked to central nervous system birth defects. Some aluminum compounds have proven teratogenic in laboratory animals; however, overall, aluminum is not considered teratogenic.
   Ingestion
Burns of the esophagus and less commonly the stomach may occur after caustic ingestion; the absence of oral mucosal injury does not reliably exclude esophageal burns. Patients with stridor, drooling or vomiting are more likely to have esophageal burns.
   Inhalation
Stridor, dyspnea, upper airway injury, and pulmonary edema, especially following inhalation of vaporized caustics, may occur.
   Skin
Severe skin irritation and/or burns may occur.
   Eyes
See Inhalation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Mucosal if no respiratory compromise is present, dilute immediately with milk or water; no more than 8 ounces in adults and 4 ounces in children. Gastric ipecac contraindicated. Consider insertion of a small, flexible nasogastric or orogastric tube to suction gastric contents after recent large ingestions; the risk of further mucosal injury must be weighed against potential benefits.
   Inhalation
Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation, bronchitis, or pneumonitis. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treat bronchospasm with beta2 agonist and corticosteroid aerosols.
   Skin
Remove contaminated clothes. Irrigate exposed skin with copious amounts of water for at least 15 minutes or longer, depending on concentration, amount and duration of exposure to the chemical. A physician may need to examine the area if irritation or pain persist.
   Eyes
Home irrigation - exposed eyes should be irrigated with copious amounts of water for at least 30 minutes. An examination should always be performed. Ophthalmologic consultation should be obtained. Medical facility: irrigate with sterile 0.9% Saline for at least an hour or until the cul-de-sacs are free of particulate matter and returned to neutrality (confirm with pH paper).

Transport.
UN number
2835
Response guide
Hazard class
4.3
Packing Group
II
 
Std. Transport #
4916452