Sodium aluminum phosphate

  • Aluminum sodium phosphate
Formula
Al . xNa . PO4
Description
White powder. Odorless.
Uses
Leavening agent in baked goods (acidic grade), emulsifier in processed cheese (basic grade).

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
7785-88-8
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
232-090-4
Beilstein/Gmelin
NA
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
Al.xO4P.xNa
Formula mass
Varies
Solubility in water
insoluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Chemical splash goggles in compliance with OSHA regulations are advised; however, OSHA regulations also permit other type safety glasses. Whre chemical resistant gloves. To prevent repeated or prolonged skin contact, wear impervious clothing and boots.
Respirators
Use NIOSH/MSHA approved respirator appropriate for exposure of concern.
Small spills/leaks
Evacuate area and ventilate. Wear protective equipment. If required, use an inert absrobent. Sweep up and place in an appropriate container for disposal. Wash contaminated surfaces.
Stability
Very stable in presence of moisture sodium aluminum phosphate compounds.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire.

Health.
Exposure effects
Encephalopathy has been reported in patients with renal failure. This may range from mild personality changes and speech disorders to severe obtundation, seizures, coma and death. Fatal encephalopathy with status epilepticus has occurred after the use of aluminum-containing bone cement in vestibular neurectomies. Aluminum has also been linked to the histopathology of alzheimer disease. Occupational exposure to aluminum has been associated with cognitive deficits. Aluminum in drinking water has been linked to central nervous system birth defects. Some aluminum compounds have proven teratogenic in laboratory animals; however, overall, aluminum is not considered teratogenic.
   Ingestion
Chronic aluminum hydroxide use may cause constipation.
   Inhalation
Pulmonary fibrosis, asthma, copd, chronic interstitial pneumonia, sarcoid-like lung granulomatosis, dyspnea, cough and pneumothorax may occur after chronic inhalation.
   Skin
Dermatitis, irritation, delayed hypersensitivity, telangiectases and granulomas may occur from dermal contact with aluminum.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do not induce emesis. Activated charcoal: administer charcoal as a slurry (240 ml water/30 g charcoal). Usual dose: 25 to 100 g in adults/adolescents.
   Inhalation
If symptoms develop, move individual away from exposure and into fresh air. If symptoms persist, seek medical attention. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. Keep person warm and quiet; seek immediate medical attention.
   Skin
Most cases of aluminum related dermal reactions are due to chronic exposure.
   Eyes
Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of tepid water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility.

Transport.