Sodium fluoroacetate

  • SFA
  • Sodium monofluoroacetate
  • Fluoroacetic acid, sodium salt
Formula
FCH2COONa
Structure
Description
Fine, white, odorless powder, hygroscopic.
Uses
Field rodenticide, vertibrate pesticide.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
62-74-8
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
200-548-2
EC Index Number
607-169-00-5
EC Class
Very toxic; Dangerous for the Environment
R 26/27/28 50
S 13 22 36/37 45 61
RTECS
AH9100000
RTECS class
Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Human Data
UN (DOT)
2629
Beilstein/Gmelin
3915223
Beilstein Reference
4-02-00-00446
RCRA
P058
EPA OPP
75003
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-2589
Canada DSL/NDSL
NDSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C2H2FNaO2
Formula mass
100.03
Melting point, °C
200.0
Saturation Concentration
Nearly zero
Density
> 1 g/cm3
Solubility in water
Miscible

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
D1A
Handling
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Protection
Wear appropriate eye protection and protective clothing to prevent skin and eye contact. Facilities for quickly drenching the body should be provided within the immediate work area for emergency use where there is a possibility of exposure.
Respirators
Maximum concentration for use: 2.5 mg/m<sup>3</sup>; Respirator class(es): any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with a high-efficiency particulate filter. Any supplied-air respirator that has a tight-fitting facepiece and is operated in a continuous-flow mode. Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and a high-efficiency particulate filter.
Small spills/leaks
Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers.
Disposal code
9
Stability
Non-volatile.
Incompatibilities
Reacts as bases to neutralize acids.
Decomposition
Decomposition at 200 C.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Stay upwind; keep out of low areas. Wear self-contained, positive pressure breathing apparatus and full protective clothing.Use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray, or foam. For large fires, use water spray, fog, or foam.
Fire potential
May burn but does not readily ignite. Not combustible.
Hazards
When heated to decomposition, it emits highly toxic fumes of sodium oxide and fluorides. Avoid decomposing heat.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
TLV (as TWA): ppm; 0.05 mg/m3 (skin) (ACGIH 1995-1996). OSHA PEL: TWA 0.05 mg/m3 skin NIOSH REL: TWA 0.05 mg/m3 ST 0.15 mg/m3 skin NIOSH IDLH: 2.5 mg/m3
Poison_Class
1
Exposure effects
Abnormally low blood pressure, rapid heart rate and irregular pulse may be noted. Neurologic effects may include hyperactive behavior, auditory hallucinations, cerebellar dysfunction, loss of speech, paresthesias, seizures, coma, carpopedal spasm and neurologic impairment. No data were available to assess the teratogenic potential of this agent. <br>No data were available to assess the potential effects of exposure to this agent during pregnancy or lactation. <br>Observed paternal toxic effects in male rats include changes in the testes, epididymis, and sperm duct.
   Ingestion
Nausea, vomiting, excessive salivation and diarrhea may be noted.
   Inhalation
Respiratory depression and pulmonary edema have been reported.
   Skin
Avoid any skin contact. See Inhalation.
   Eyes
Numbness of the face and facial twitching, blurred vision and nystagmus may occur.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Do not induce emesis. Activated charcoal: administer charcoal as a slurry (240 ml water/30 g charcoal). Usual dose: 25 to 100 g in adults/adolescents.
   Inhalation
Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation, bronchitis, or pneumonitis. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treat bronchospasm with beta2 agonist and corticosteroid aerosols.
   Skin
Remove contaminated clothing and wash exposed area thoroughly with soap and water. A physician should examine the area if irritation or pain persists. There is no known effective specific treatment for fluoroacetate exposure, but symptomatic supportive therapy should be provided.
   Eyes
Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of tepid water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility. There is no known effective specific treatment for fluoroacetate exposure, but symptomatic supportive therapy should be provided.

Transport.
UN number
2629
Response guide
Hazard class
6.1
Packing Group
I
 
USCG CHRIS Code
SAT
 
HS Code
2915 90 80
 
Std. Transport #
4923986