Sodium monoxide

  • Sodium oxide
  • Disodium oxide
  • Disociium monoxide
Formula
NaO
Structure
Description
A white granular material.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
12401-86-4
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
235-641-7
RTECS
WC4800000
RTECS class
Other
UN (DOT)
1825
Beilstein/Gmelin
37867 (G)
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
New Zealand
Listed
Japan ENCS (MITI)
Listed

Properties.
Formula
NaO
Formula mass
38.99
Density
2.27 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
Decomposes

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
Handling
Handle in accordance with all current regulations and standards. Subject to storage regulations: U.S. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.101.
Protection
Wear appropriate protective gloves, clothing and goggles.
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Keep material dry. Land spill: Dig a pit, pond, lagoon, holding area to contain liquid or solid material. Cover solids with a plastic sheet to prevent dissolving in rain or fire fighting water. Dike surface flow using soil, sand bags, foamed polyurethane, or foamed concrete. Water spill: Use natural barriers or oil spill control booms to limit spill travel. Use natural deep water pockets, excavated lagoons, or sand bag barriers to trap material at bottom. Remove trapped material with suction hoses.
Stability
No data.
Incompatibilities
Reacts as a base.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Use dry chemical, dry sand, or carbon dioxide. Do not use water on material itself. If large quantities of combustibles are involved, use water in flooding quantities as spray and fog. Use water spray to knock-down vapors. Apply water from as far a distance as possible.
Fire potential
Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes.
Hazards
Vapors may accumulate in confined areas (basement, tanks, hopper/tank cars, etc.). Substance will react with water (some violently), releasing corrosive and/or toxic gases. Reaction with water may generate much heat which will increase the concentration of fumes in the air. Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated or if contaminated with water.
Combustion products
Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes.

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
OEL-RUSSIA: STEL 2 mg/m3, Skin
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
See Inhalation.
   Inhalation
TOXIC; inhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors, dusts or substance may cause severe injury, burns, or death.
   Skin
See Inhalation.
   Eyes
See Inhalation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Seek medical assistance.
   Inhalation
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
   Skin
Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. Immediately flush with running water for at least 20 minutes. For minor skin contact, avoid spreading material on unaffected skin.
   Eyes
Immediately flush with running water for at least 20 minutes.

Transport.
UN number
1825
Response guide
Hazard class
8
Packing Group
II
 
Std. Transport #
4935265