Shipped as a solid or molten liquid.
Manufacture of sodium compound, such as cyanide, azide, peroxide, etc, in manufacture of tetraethyl lead, in organic syntheses, for photoelectric cells, in sodium lamps, alloyed with potassium in heat transfer media.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
EC Index Number
Highly flammable; Corrosive
R 14/15 34
S 8 43 45
Swiss Giftliste 1
Melting point, °C
Boiling point, °C
Vapor pressure, mmHg
Odor Threshold Odor threshold Odorless
Solubility in water
0.01413 cp (527 C)
Heat of fusion
Hazards and Protection.
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Keep away from strong acids. Keep away from water. Corrosives area.
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Do not ingest or inhale. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation. Use water spray to reduce vapors or divert vapor cloud drift.
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Reacts violently with acids, water. Please refer to Fire Protection Guide to Hazardous materials for details.
Irritating and toxic fumes and gases, sodium oxide.
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Reacts violently with water giving off flammable gas which may explode. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Flammable solid. May react violently or explosively on contact with water. May be ignited by heat, sparks, and flame. May re-ignite after fire is extinguished. Extinguishing media: Use dry sand or earth to smother fire. Do NOT use carbon dioxide. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. DO NOT USE WATER OR FOAM.
Nonflammable. Combustion requires preheating moderate hazard.
May ignite on contact with water or moist air. Some react vigorously or explosively on contact with water. May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames. May re-ignite after fire is extinguished. May be transported in highly flammable liquids.
Fumes of burning Na are highly irritating to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes.
Chronic inhalation and ingestion may cause effects similar to those of acute inhalation and ingestion.
Causes gastrointestinal tract burns.
May cause severe irritation of the respiratory tract with sore throat, coughing, shortness of breath and delayed lung edema.
Causes skin burns. May cause deep, penetrating ulcers of the skin.
May cause irreversible eye injury. Contact with eyes may cause severe irritation, and possible eye burns.
Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists.
Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
USCG CHRIS Code
2805 11 00
Std. Transport #