Solanine

  • alpha-Solanine
  • alpha-Solanin
  • b-D-Galactopyranoside, (3b)-solanid-5-en-3-yl
  • Solanid-5-ene, 3-beta-((O-6-deoxy-alpha-L-mannopyranosyl-(1-2)-O-(beta-D-glucopyranosyl- (1-3))-beta-D-galactopyranosyl)oxy)
Formula
C45H73NO15
Structure
Description
Slender needles.
Uses
Major uses include has been used as an agricultural insecticide solanine hydrochloride.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
20562-02-1
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
243-879-8
36/37/39 45
RTECS
WF0250000
RTECS class
Tumorigen; Drug; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Human Data; Natural Product
UN (DOT)
1544
Merck
12,8853
Beilstein/Gmelin
77607
Beilstein Reference
4-21-00-01402
Swiss Giftliste 1
G-3987

Properties.
Formula
C45H73NO15
Formula mass
868.07
Solubility in water
Insoluble

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep tightly closed. Store at -20 C
Protection
Compatible chemical-resistant gloves.
Respirators
Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Small spills/leaks
Do not touch damaged containers or spilled material unless wearing appropriate protective clothing. Stop leak if you can do it without risk. Cover with plastic sheet to prevent spreading. Absorb or cover with dry earth, sand or other non-combustible material and transfer to containers. DO NOT GET WATER INSIDE CONTAINERS.
Stability
Stable at normal temperatures and pressures.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizing agents.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, Carbon dioxide, Nitrogen oxides.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Extinguish using Carbon dioxide, dry chemical powder, or appropriate foam. Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and protective clothing to prevent contact with skin and eyes.
Fire potential
Non-Combustible
Hazards
Emits toxic fumes under fire conditions.
Combustion products
Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Health
2
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Poison_Class
2
Exposure effects
Toxic. Toxic if swallowed. Target organ(s): Nerves.
   Ingestion
Toxic if swallowed.
   Inhalation
Highly toxic, may be fatal if inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through skin. Effects of contact or inhalation may be delayed.
   Skin
Avoid any skin contact. See Inhalation.
   Eyes
See Inhalation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
Seek medical assistance.
   Inhalation
Move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
   Skin
Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. Remove material from skin immediately. Immediately flush with running water for at least 20 minutes. For minor skin contact, avoid spreading material on unaffected skin.
   Eyes
Immediately flush with running water for at least 20 minutes.

Transport.
UN number
1544
Response guide
Hazard class
6.2
Packing Group
II