Sucrose

  • Cane sugar
  • Saccharose
  • Table sugar
Formula
C12H22O11
Structure
Description
Odorless white crystals or powder.
Uses
Sweetening agent and food.

Registry Numbers and Inventories.
CAS
57-50-1
EC (EINECS/ELINCS)
200-334-9
RTECS
WN6500000
RTECS class
Mutagen; Reproductive Effector
Merck
12,9051
Beilstein/Gmelin
90825
Beilstein Reference
5-17-08-00399
EPA OPP
23
Canada DSL/NDSL
DSL
US TSCA
Listed
Austrailia AICS
Listed
New Zealand
Listed
Korea ECL
Listed

Properties.
Formula
C12H22O11
Formula mass
342.30
Melting point, °C
169 - 170
Vapor pressure, mmHg
2E-22 (25 C)
Odor Threshold Odor threshold Odorless
Density
1.29 g/cm3 (20 C)
Solubility in water
2000 g/L
Surface tension
62.2 g/s2 (170 C)
Refractive index
1.5376 (20 C)
pKa/pKb
12.62 (pKa)
Partition coefficient, pKow
-3.7
Heat of fusion
44.53 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization
116.7 kJ/mol
Heat of combustion
-2233 kJ/mol

Hazards and Protection.
Storage
Keep container closed when not in use. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Does not meet criteria
Handling
Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation.
Protection
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
Respirators
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
Small spills/leaks
Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Avoid generating dusty conditions.
Disposal code
3
Stability
Stable under normal shipping and handling conditions.
Incompatibilities
Strong oxidizers.
Decomposition
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.

Fire.
Fire fighting
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Extinguishing media: Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Hazards
Irritating fumes may form in fires. Behavior in Fire: Melts and chars
Combustion products
Irritating fumes may form in fires.
Health
0
 
Flammability
0
 
 
Reactivity
0
 

Health.
Exposure limit(s)
NIOSH REL: TWA 10 mg/m3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m3 (resp) OSHA PEL: TWA 15 mg/m3 (total) TWA 5 mg/m3 (resp)
Poison_Class
F (Not subject to toxicity classification)
Exposure effects
   Ingestion
Ingestion of large amounts may cause gastrointestinal irritation. Expected to be a low ingestion hazard.
   Inhalation
Low hazard for usual industrial handling. Excessive inhalation may cause minor respiratory irritation.
   Skin
Low hazard for usual industrial handling.
   Eyes
Dust may cause mechanical irritation.

First aid
 
   Ingestion
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid if irritation or symptoms occur.
   Inhalation
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
   Skin
Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists.
   Eyes
Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.

Transport.
USCG CHRIS Code
SRS
 
HS Code
1701 99 10