- 12,13-Epoxytrichothec-9-ene-3,4,8,15-tetrol 4,15-diacetate
- Fusariotoxin t 2
White needles from benzene & skellysolve b; acetate deriv: amorphous
Implicated as a chemical warfare agent in southeast asia with nivalenol.
Registry Numbers and Inventories.
Tumorigen; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Natural Product; Primary Irritant
Melting point, °C
Solubility in water
Hazards and Protection.
Keep in a cool, dry, dark location in a tightly sealed container or cylinder. Keep away from incompatible materials, ignition sources and untrained individuals. Secure and label area. Protect containers/cylinders from physical damage.
All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Mycotoxins should be handled as very toxic substances. Perform manipulations under hood whenever possible, & take particular precautions, such as use of glove box, when toxins are in dry form because of electrostatic nature & resulting tendency to disperse in working areas. Mycotoxins.
Use NIOSH/MSHA approved respirator appropriate for exposure of concern.
Evacuate area and ventilate. Wear protective equipment. If required, use an inert absrobent. Sweep up and place in an appropriate container for disposal. Wash contaminated surfaces.
Stable in the solid form.
Strong oxidizing agents.
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire.
Fire: Toxins are not volatile but may be spread by efforts to extinguish the fire. Toxins may be decomposed by heat to produce other toxic gases. Toxins - dermally hazardous
Headache and vertigo may be present.
Anorexia, vomiting and diarrhea, which may be bloody, may occur.
Shortness of breath may occur.
Contact with skin and eyes can cause coagulation necrosis.
Seek medical attention. If individual is drowsy or unconscious, do not give anything by mouth; place individual on the left side with the head down. Contact a physician, medical facility, or poison control center for advice about whether to induce vomiting. If possible, do not leave individual unattended.
If symptoms develop, move individual away from exposure and into fresh air. If symptoms persist, seek medical attention. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. Keep person warm and quiet; seek immediate medical attention.
Remove contaminated clothing and wash exposed area thoroughly with soap and water. A physician should examine the area if irritation or pain persists.
Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of tepid water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility.